SAN BERNARDINO, Calif. — As recently as last month, no city in California had filed for bankruptcy protection since 2008, and no US city of more than 200,000 people had ever chosen that route.
The past two weeks have changed that, as the fiscal struggles faced by many American cities became too much for some to bear. San Bernardino became the third California city in that small span to choose Chapter 9 bankruptcy protection, with a City Council vote on Tuesday night.
The Southern California city of about 210,000 people will also become the second-largest in the nation ever to file for bankruptcy. Stockton, the Northern California city of nearly 300,000, became the biggest when it filed for Chapter 9 on June 28. The much smaller city of Mammoth Lakes voted for bankruptcy July 3.
San Bernardino’s City Council directed the city attorney to make the move during a meeting in which administrators explained the dire fiscal circumstances and urged the council to choose the bankruptcy option.
‘‘We have an immediate cash flow issue,’’ interim City Manager Andrea Miller told Mayor Patrick Morris and the seven-member City Council, according to the Los Angeles Times.
Miller said the city faces a budget shortfall of $45.8 million. It has already stopped paying some vendors, and may not be able to make payroll during the next three months.
At the meeting, the city attorney said budget officials had presented falsified budget documents to the City Council for 13 of the last 16 years, the newspaper reported.
Four council members voted for the authorization, two opposed it, and one abstained.
‘‘This is probably the hardest decision this councilwoman will ever have to make in this chair,’’ Councilwoman Wendy McCammack said, according to the San Bernardino Sun.
The councilman who abstained from voting, John Valdivia, said he did not trust the information presented at the meeting and, having served only since March, believed he should not be held responsible for the money mess.
‘‘The taxpayers of this city have been duped, hoodwinked, and misguided for the past several years,’’ Valdivia said, according to the Sun.
It was not immediately clear when the city planned to file.
Sixty miles east of Los Angeles, San Bernardino is in a region that soared economically during the housing boom and suffered accordingly after the crash.
It joins a number of cities and counties across the nation that have plunged into financial crisis as the recession made it tough to cover rising costs involving payroll, pensions, bondholders, and vendors.
Before Stockton, a California city had not filed for bankruptcy since Vallejo in 2008.
Since Congress added Chapter 9 to the bankruptcy code in 1937 to allow municipalities to seek protection, about 640 government entities have filed.