JERUSALEM — Israel’s prime minister vowed Tuesday to continue building in a contested Jerusalem district, just days after European Union criticism of Jewish housing there.
Benjamin Netanyahu was speaking during a visit to Gilo after Israeli approval for the construction of 800 Jewish homes there sparked a sharp condemnation from Catherine Ashton, EU foreign affairs chief. She is set to visit Israel on Wednesday.
Israel captured Gilo in the 1967 Mideast war from Jordan. Then it annexed the area to Jerusalem in a move that has not been recognized internationally. The Gilo district is close to Bethlehem in the West Bank.
Netanyahu said Jerusalem is ‘‘Israel’s eternal capital’’ during the visit to Gilo and said Israel has every right to build there.
‘‘We have built in Jerusalem, we are building in Jerusalem, and we will continue to build in Jerusalem; this is our policy, and I will continue to support building in Jerusalem,’’ Netanyahu said.
During the visit, Jerusalem’s mayor, Nir Barkat, thanked Netanyahu for the resources to allow development and growth. ‘‘We will continue to build tens of thousands of apartments throughout the city,’’ he said.
The fate of Jerusalem is one of the most emotional issues in long-stalled Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts, because of key sites there that are sacred to Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
Palestinians claim the eastern part of Jerusalem as the capital of their future state, along with the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Israel says East Jerusalem is an inseparable part of its capital, citing biblical and security reasons.
Palestinians are refusing to resume peace talks unless Israel stops building in areas they claim.