DENVER — Omayra Vasquez blinks and does a double take when asked why she voted for President Obama. The reason for her was as natural as breathing.
‘‘I feel closer to him,’’ said Vasquez, a 43-year-old Federal Express worker from Denver. ‘‘He cares about the Spanish people.’’
Millions of Hispanic voters seconded that emotion Tuesday with resounding 71 percent support for Obama, tightening Democrats’ grip on the White House and putting Republicans on notice that they must seriously court the nation’s largest minority group if they want to win the presidency again.
According to initial exit polls, Republican Mitt Romney, who backed hard-line immigration measures, came away with 27 percent Hispanic support, less than any presidential candidate in 16 years. It also was a sharp drop from the 44 percent claimed by President George W. Bush in his 2004 reelection after he embraced immigration reform.
‘‘We could have won this election if the party had a better brand name with Hispanics,’’ said Al Cardenas, chairman of the American Conservative Union. ‘‘I don’t believe there’s a path to the White House in the future that doesn’t include 38 percent to 40 percent Hispanic support.’’
Cardenas said Hispanics were only a large part of a worrisome trend in the electorate, which is increasingly composed of younger and minority voters who traditionally do not back Republicans. If the 1980 electorate looked like the 2012 version, he added, Jimmy Carter would have defeated Ronald Reagan.
Of the Hispanic vote, one of the big surprises was Obama’s strength in Florida’s Cuban-American community, traditionally a Republican redoubt.
Obama won 48 percent of the Cuban-American vote on Nov. 6, compared with 52 percent for Romney, pollster Fernand Amandi said Thursday.
Overall, Obama won 61 percent of Florida’s Hispanic voters, about 17 percent of the state’s electorate, his polling found.
“This is dramatically different from what we’ve seen in cycles past,” Amandi said.
Matt Schlapp, who was political director of George W. Bush’s 2000 campaign, drew parallels between the GOP’s standing with Hispanics and the party’s troubles with African-Americans, who now routinely back Democrats by 9-1 ratios. ‘‘The idea that we would somehow copy that with the Hispanic community is troubling,’’ he said.
Hispanics have long favored Democrats. But they have been trending even more sharply toward that party since Republicans stymied Bush’s immigration proposal and favored hard-line immigration measures that critics decried as racially motivated.
Romney tapped an author of Arizona’s controversial immigration law to advise him during the primaries and called for ‘‘self-deportation.’’ Obama, meanwhile, announced in June that immigration authorities would grant work permits to people brought here illegally as children who graduated high school or served in the military. The directive energized a Hispanic electorate that had been disappointed by Obama’s inability to overhaul the immigration system.
Interviews with voters as they left their polling places this week found that Hispanics gave Obama his winning margin in Colorado, Nevada, and Virginia. They also account for his narrow lead in Florida, where votes were still being counted Thursday.
‘We could have won this election if the party had a better brand name with Hispanics.’
Even before the races were called, some Republicans took to the airwaves and social media to call on the party to pull back from its hard-line stance and embrace certain immigration reforms.
It’s unclear whether the results would change the party’s opposition. In a conversation with the Des Moines Register last month, Obama predicted that GOP opposition could crumble after Hispanics delivered the White House to him. The conversation was initially off the record but later published with Obama’s consent.
‘‘And since this is off the record, I will just be very blunt,’’ Obama said. ‘‘Should I win a second term, a big reason I will win a second term is because the Republican nominee and the Republican Party have so alienated the fastest-growing demographic group in the country, the Latino community.’’
On Wednesday, Senate majority leader Harry Reid, Democrat of Nevada, said he would introduce immigration legislation next year and that Republicans would reject it ‘‘at their peril.’’
Opponents of an immigration deal warned that Republicans should not take the Democrats’ bait. Steve Camarota of the Center for Immigration Studies noted that Hispanics have reliably backed Democrats for decades, even after Reagan signed an immigration amnesty law in 1986 that gave many of them legal status.
Those new American citizens, Camarota said, turned into Democrats.
Camarota and other supporters of immigration restrictions contend that Hispanics lean Democratic because they favor government social programs and higher taxes on the wealthy. The GOP changed the national electorate through the 1986 law ‘‘and now they have to move with the electorate,’’ he said.Material from Bloomberg News was used in this report.