WASHINGTON — The Republican-led House passed a far-reaching antiabortion bill Tuesday that conservatives saw as a milestone in their 40-year campaign against legalized abortion and Democrats condemned as yet another example of the GOP’s war on women.
The legislation, sparked by the murder conviction of a Philadelphia late-term abortion provider, would restrict almost all abortions to the first 20 weeks after conception, defying laws in most states that allow abortions up to when the fetus becomes viable, usually considered to be around 24 weeks.
It mirrors 20-week laws passed by some states and lays more groundwork for the ongoing legal battle that abortion foes hope will eventually result in forcing the Supreme Court to reconsider the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision, which made abortion legal.
It passed 228-196, with six Democrats voting for it and six Republicans voting against it.
In the short term, the bill will go nowhere. The Democratic-controlled Senate will ignore it, and the White House says the president would veto it if it reached his desk. The White House said the measure was ‘‘an assault on a woman’s right to choose’’ and ‘‘a direct challenge to Roe v. Wade.’’
But it was a banner day for social conservatives, who have seen their priorities overshadowed by economic and budgetary issues since Republicans recaptured the House in 2010.
Penny Nance, president of Concerned Women for America, called it ‘‘the most important pro-life bill to be considered by the US Congress in the last 10 years.’’
Marjorie Dannenfeiser, president of the Susan B. Anthony List — a group that seeks to eliminate abortion — said the legislation differed significantly from past measures in that it restricts, rather than merely controls, the abortion procedure.
Democrats chided Republicans for taking up a dead-end bill when Congress is doing little to promote economic growth. Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi called it ‘‘yet another Republican attempt to endanger women. It is disrespectful to women. It is unsafe for families, and it is unconstitutional.’’
Democrats also said the decision by GOP leaders to appease their restless base with the abortion vote could backfire on Republican efforts to improve their standing among women.
‘‘They are going down the same road that helped women elect Barack Obama president of the United States,’’ said Eleanor Holmes Norton, the District of Columbia’s delegate to the House.
Democrats pointed out that all 23 Republicans on the Judiciary Committee, which approved the measure last week on a party-line vote, are men.
Republicans countered by assigning women to conspicuous roles in managing the bill on the House floor and presiding over the chamber. Republican women were prominent among those speaking in favor of the legislation.
The Republican leadership gave the green light to the abortion bill after social conservatives coalesced around the case of Kermit Gosnell, the Philadelphia abortion doctor who was recently sentenced to life in prison for what prosecutors said was the murder of three babies delivered alive. Abortion foes said it exemplified the inhumanity of late-term abortions.