WASHINGTON — President Obama prodded Congress to raise wages and secure the social safety net as he issued an overarching appeal Wednesday to correct inequalities that he said make it harder for a child to escape poverty. ‘‘That should offend all of us,’’ he declared. ‘‘We are a better country than this.’’
Focusing on the pocketbook issues that Americans consistently rank as a top concern, Obama argued that the dream of upward economic mobility is breaking down and that the growing income gap is a ‘‘defining challenge of our time.’’
‘‘The basic bargain at the heart of our economy has frayed,’’ the president said in remarks at a nonprofit community center a short drive from the White House in one of Washington’s most impoverished neighborhoods.
Though he offered no new initiatives, Obama blended a call for Congress to act on pending short-term economic measures with a long vision aimed at correcting a growing level of income inequality in the United States.
The speech came amid public doubts over Obama’s stewardship of the economy, as his overall approval ratings sink and as he seeks to move past the health care troubles that have consumed his presidency in recent months.
He acknowledged his administration’s ‘‘poor execution’’ in rolling out the flawed website that was supposed to be an easy portal for purchasing insurance, while blaming Republicans for a ‘‘reckless’’ shutdown of the government.
‘‘Nobody has acquitted themselves very well these past few months,’’ Obama said. ‘‘So it’s not surprising that the American people’s frustrations with Washington are at an all-time high.’’ Worse for Americans, he added, are their growing difficulties in trying to make ends meet no matter how hard they work.
The speech coincided with growing national and international attention to economic disparities — from the writings of Pope Francis to the protests of fast-food workers in the United States. The president cited the pope’s question of how it is not news when an elderly homeless person dies from exposure, but news when the stock market loses two points.
And he noted that in the United States, a child born into the bottom 20 percent of income levels has less than a 5 percent chance of making it to the top income levels and is 10 times likelier to stay where he is — worse than other industrial countries such as Canada, Germany, and France.
House Speaker John A. Boehner blamed Senate Democrats and Obama for the lack of action on jobs-related legislation. He said bills passed by the Republican-controlled House that would help the economy and create jobs have been blocked in the Democrat-controlled Senate.