PHILADELPHIA — More Americans used buses, trains, and subways in 2013 than in any year since 1956 as service improved, local economies grew, and travelers increasingly sought alternatives to the automobile for trips within metropolitan areas, the American Public Transportation Association said in a report released Monday.
The trade group said in its annual report that 10.65 billion passenger trips were taken on transit systems during the year, surpassing the post-1950s peak of 10.59 million in 2008, when gas prices rose to $4 to $5 a gallon.
The ridership in 2013, when gas prices were lower than in 2008, undermines the conventional wisdom that transit use rises when those prices exceed a certain threshold. The data suggest that other forces are bolstering enthusiasm for public transportation, said Michael Melaniphy, the association president.
“Now gas is averaging well under $4 a gallon, the economy is coming back and people are riding transit in record numbers,” Melaniphy said in an interview. “We’re seeing a fundamental shift in how people are moving about their communities.”
From 1995 to 2013, transit ridership rose 37 percent, well ahead of a 20 percent growth in population and a 23 percent increase in vehicle miles traveled, according to the association’s data.
Stronger economic growth is playing an important role in the increased use of public transit, as more people are using the systems to get to an increasing number of jobs, the association reported, and transit agencies are nurturing growth by expanding their systems or improving services.