NEW YORK — The fiery British cleric who prosecutors said had “devoted his life to violent jihad” and sent young men around the world to train and fight was convicted Monday of all 11 terrorism-related charges against him.
Prosecutors had charged that the cleric, Mostafa Kamel Mostafa, a former imam at the Finsbury Park mosque in North London, helped to orchestrate the violent 1998 kidnappings of 16 US, British, and Australian tourists in Yemen; tried to create a terrorist training camp in Bly, Ore.; and supported terrorism by sending one of his followers to train with Al Qaeda in Afghanistan.
Four hostages were killed during the kidnappings after their captors, a militant group allied with Mostafa, used them as human shields during a Yemeni rescue operation.
“He jumped at opportunities across the globe to support this violent jihad,” a prosecutor, Ian McGinley, said in his summation last week.
The verdict came on the jury’s second day of deliberations in the sixth week of the trial in US District Court in Manhattan, marking the end of a long legal battle to bring Mostafa before a jury.
Arrested in London in 2004 after the United States requested his extradition, Mostafa, who is also known as Abu Hamza al-Masri, was tried and convicted in Britain in 2006 on charges of soliciting murder and inciting racial hatred.
After a lengthy extradition fight, he was sent to the United States in 2012 to face trial in Manhattan. He could face life in prison when Judge Katherine B. Forrest imposes his sentence Sept. 9.
Mostafa, 56, testified for several days, denying he had played a role in the Yemeni kidnappings, planned the training camp in Oregon, or assisted Al Qaeda.
Prosecutors linked him to the kidnappings through statements he had made to one of the rescued hostages, Mary Quin, who had interviewed him for a book she was writing about her experience. Quin and a second former hostage, Margaret Thompson, both US citizens, each offered harrowing accounts of their abductions.
The government also introduced evidence that Mostafa had provided a satellite phone to the Yemeni militants, who used it to communicate with him before and during the hostage-taking.
The government also introduced statements by Mostafa, in which he had spoken approvingly of Al Qaeda’s 2000 bombing of the US destroyer Cole in Yemen, described Osama bin Laden as “a hero,” and said, “Everybody was happy when the planes hit the World Trade Center.”
Mostafa’s lawyers argued that the case against their client was based on his words and “not his deeds.”
But after the verdict, the jury foreman, Howard Bailynson, said Mostafa’s “actions were clearly part of it.” Bailynson cited such evidence as the satellite phone Mostafa had given to the kidnappers.
Bailynson said there was a lot of “back and forth” among jurors, who sent the judge a series of notes with questions focused on one count pertaining to the Oregon training camp.
“I feel he got a fair trial,” Bailynson said. “There’s no doubt in my mind about that.”
Preet Bharara, the US attorney in Manhattan, said after the verdict: “The defendant stands convicted, not for what he said, but for what he did. Abu Hamza was not just a preacher of faith, but a trainer of terrorists.”
Bharara, citing several federal terrorism trials in recent years in Manhattan, including those of Mostafa and of Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, a son-in-law of bin Laden who was convicted in March, said, “These trials have been difficult, but they have been fair and open and prompt.”