LONDON — Tens of thousands of demonstrators descended on the British capital on Saturday in a noisy but peaceful protest at a government austerity drive aimed at slashing the nation’s debt.
Unions, antiwar campaigners, left-wing leaders, community groups, and other activists poured down London’s streets in a demonstration against reductions to public sector spending which officials are pushing through in order to rein in the Britain’s debt, which stands at more than $1.7 trillion.
Although the austerity program has had some modest successes — the country’s deficit has dropped slightly — the British economy has shrunk for three consecutive quarters amid cuts at home and economic turmoil on the continent.
Brendan Barber, whose Trades Union Congress helped organize the march, said that the message of Saturday’s protest was that ‘‘austerity is simply failing.’’
‘‘The government is making life desperately hard for millions of people because of pay cuts for workers, while the rich are given tax cuts,’’ he said.
Britain borrowed $20.8 billion in September alone, and with other European countries — including next-door neighbor Ireland — struggling to make good on their debt, there is a general consensus that the budget needs to be rebalanced.
But the right-leaning government did little to endear itself with ordinary Britons when it reduced income taxes for the country’s wealthiest citizens earlier this year. And its leadership has struggled to fight perceptions of elitism in this class-conscious country.
On Friday, the Conservative Party’s chief whip stepped down following a dispute over whether he’d described officers guarding the prime minister’s official residence at Downing Street as ‘‘plebs’’ or warned them to ‘‘learn your [expletive] place.’’
Even opposition Labor Party leader Ed Miliband, who is known for his close ties with unions, was booed when he told protesters gathered in London’s Hyde Park that some cuts would have to be made one way or the other.
‘‘It’s right that we level with people,’’ he argued. The cheers returned after he criticized what he described as ‘‘self-defeating austerity.’’
Jeers aside, the protests were good-natured. One group of children dressed up as government workers, including a nurse and a traffic warden. Another child, dressed as a chef, held up a sign warning that Prime Minister David Cameron was ‘‘a recipe for disaster.’’
Following the rally a splinter group of demonstrators — some wearing the Guy Fawkes masks associated with the Anonymous movement — ran through the streets of London with officers in tow. A Scotland Yard spokesman said there had been no arrests.
Official crowd estimates were not immediately available, although Associated Press journalists at the scene said the protesters were tens of thousands strong.
Similar protests were also held in Belfast, Northern Ireland’s capital, and Glasgow, Scotland’s biggest city.