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Palestinian head hints he would waive right of return

Abbas condemned by Islamist rivals

JERUSALEM — Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has set off a storm of controversy in the occupied territories by suggesting that he is willing to waive the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their ancestral homes, a core issue in the Palestinians’ dispute with Israel.

The statement, made in an interview on Israeli television, sparked public protests in the Gaza Strip and was denounced by Abbas’s Palestinian rivals.

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The reaction in Israel was mixed. The offer drew a wary response Sunday from the ­Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu.

“Only in direct negotiations can the real positions be clarified,” Netanyahu said at his weekly Cabinet meeting.

Netanyahu’s reaction contrasted with that of Israeli President Shimon Peres, who praised Abbas’s comments as a ‘‘brave and important public declaration’’ by a “real partner for peace.”

In an interview broadcast Friday on Israel’s Channel 2 television, Abbas attempted to reach out to the Israeli public after a protracted stalemate in peace efforts. The appearance came before an expected Palestinian bid this month for recognition at the United Nations as a nonmember observer state, and as an Israeli election campaign gathers steam.

Abbas was asked indirectly about the Palestinian demand for the return of refugees who fled or were expelled in the war that accompanied the establishment of Israel in 1948.

Palestinians view the right of return of the refugees and their descendants to their former homes in what is now Israel as a necessary element of any agreement. Israel has rejected the idea as a demographic threat to its existence and a sign that the Palestinians have not accepted Israel’s legitimacy as a Jewish state.

Channel 2’s diplomatic correspondent, Udi Segal, broached the subject by asking Abbas, who as a boy fled with his family from the town of Safed, in northern Israel, whether he wanted to go back and live there.

‘‘I want to see Safed,’’ Abbas replied. ‘‘It’s my right to see it, but not to live there.’’

‘‘Is it Palestine for you?’’ Segal asked.

‘‘Palestine now for me is the ’67 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital,’’ Abbas replied, referring to the West Bank and Gaza Strip, captured by Israel in the 1967 Middle East war. ‘‘This is now and forever. This is Palestine for me.’’

‘‘I am a refugee, but I am living in Ramallah,’’ Abbas continued. ‘‘I believe that the West Bank and Gaza Strip is Palestine, and the other parts are Israel.’’

Abbas’s statements were roundly condemned by Abbas’s Islamist rivals, leaders of the Hamas movement in the Gaza Strip, where protesters burned his picture and raised placards denouncing him as a traitor.

‘‘It is not permitted for anyone, whoever he may be . . . to give up one inch of this Palestinian land or concede the right of return to our land and homes from which we were expelled,’’ said Ismail Haniyeh, the Hamas prime minister.

In an attempt at damage control, Abbas explained in an interview Saturday to Egyptian television station al-Hayyat that he was expressing his ‘‘personal position,’’ which did not imply a renunciation of the right of return of all Palestinian refugees.

Nabil Abu Rudeineh, a spokesman for Abbas, said he is committed to resolving the refugee issue through negotiations, in accordance with the 2002 Arab League peace initiative, which calls for a ‘‘just’’ and ‘‘agreed upon’’ solution based on United Nations Resolution 194. That resolution, adopted in 1948, calls for the return of the refugees, or compensation for those who choose not to return.

The Abbas interview appeared to be aimed at soothing Israeli concerns before he goes to the United Nations later this month in hopes of winning ‘‘nonmember state’’ observer status for a Palestinian state inside the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem.

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