QUETTA, Pakistan — A car bomb targeting a bus carrying Shi’ite Muslim pilgrims killed 19 people in southwest Pakistan on Sunday, officials and eyewitnesses said.
Earlier Sunday, 21 tribal police officers believed to have been kidnapped by the Taliban were found shot dead in Pakistan’s troubled northwest tribal region, government officials said. There were conflicting reports about whether the attack on the Shi’ites was carried out by a suicide bomber, or if the car bomb was detonated by remote control.
Pakistan has experienced a spike in killings over the last year by radical Sunni Muslims targeting Shi’ites, whom they consider heretics. The violence has been especially pronounced in Baluchistan Province, where the latest attack occurred.
In addition to the 19 people killed in the bombing in Baluchistan’s Mastung district, 25 others were wounded, many of them critically, said Tufail Ahmed, a local political official. The blast destroyed the bus and damaged a nearby bus also carrying Shi’ites.
Ahmed and a person who was riding in the second bus, Mohammed Ayan Danish, said the attack was carried out by a suicide bomber.
But Akbar Durrani, the home secretary in Baluchistan, said the explosion was caused by a car packed with explosives that was parked beside the road and detonated by remote control.
The pilgrims who were targeted were headed to Iran, a majority Shi’ite country that is a popular religious tourism destination, Ahmed said.
Shi’ites make up around 15 percent of Pakistan’s 190 million people. They are scattered around the country. The province of Baluchistan has the largest community, mainly made up of ethnic Hazaras, easily identified by their facial features, which resemble those of Central Asians.
Sunni extremists have long carried out attacks against Shi’ites in Pakistan. The sectarian campaign has stepped up in recent years, fueled mainly by the radical group Laskar-e-Jangvhi, aligned to Pakistani Taliban militants headquartered in the tribal region. More than 300 Shi’ites have been killed in Pakistan this year, according to Human Rights Watch.
The violence has pushed Baluchistan deeper into chaos. The province was already facing an armed insurgency by ethnic Baluch separatists who frequently attack security forces and government facilities. Now the secessionist violence has been overtaken by increasingly bold attacks against Shi’ites.
The 21 tribal police officers who were shot dead were found by officials shortly after midnight Sunday in the Jabai area of Frontier Region Peshawar, said Naveed Akbar Khan, a top political official in the area. One officer escaped and another was found seriously wounded, Khan said.
The 23 officers disappeared before dawn Thursday when militants armed with rocket-propelled grenades and automatic weapons attacked two posts in Frontier Region Peshawar. Two policemen were killed in the attacks.