You can now read 5 articles in a month for free on BostonGlobe.com. Read as much as you want anywhere and anytime for just 99¢.

1 in 6 in India’s cities lives in slums

MUMBAI, India — About one in six Indian city residents lives in an urban slum with unsanitary conditions that are ‘‘unfit for human habitation,’’ according to the first complete census of India’s vast slum population.

More than 40 percent of households in Mumbai, India’s financial capital and largest city with 19 million people, are located in overcrowded shantytowns where most residents have little access to basic sanitation. While the report described open sewers and poverty, it also shows that many slum residents have cellphones and televisions and have made do with a lack of government infrastructure by rigging up elaborate, mostly illegal, systems to supply electricity.

Continue reading below

In the 2011 census, survey takers visited every shantytown — they counted 108,000 of them — and made detailed records of their lives. The census report identified 13.8 million households — about 64 million people — in city slums nationwide. That’s 17.4 percent of all urban households, roughly one-third of India’s 1.2 billion people.

Loading comments...
Subscriber Log In

We hope you've enjoyed your 5 free articles'

Stay informed with unlimited access to Boston’s trusted news source.

  • High-quality journalism from the region’s largest newsroom
  • Convenient access across all of your devices
  • Today’s Headlines daily newsletter
  • Subscriber-only access to exclusive offers, events, contests, eBooks, and more
  • Less than 25¢ a week
Marketing image of BostonGlobe.com
Marketing image of BostonGlobe.com
Already a subscriber?
Your city. Your stories. Your Globe.
Yours FREE for two weeks.
Enjoy free unlimited access to Globe.com for the next two weeks.
Limited time only - No credit card required!
BostonGlobe.com complimentary digital access has been provided to you, without a subscription, for free starting today and ending in 14 days. After the free trial period, your free BostonGlobe.com digital access will stop immediately unless you sign up for BostonGlobe.com digital subscription. Current print and digital subscribers are not eligible for the free trial.
Thanks & Welcome to Globe.com
You now have unlimited access for the next two weeks.
BostonGlobe.com complimentary digital access has been provided to you, without a subscription, for free starting today and ending in 14 days. After the free trial period, your free BostonGlobe.com digital access will stop immediately unless you sign up for BostonGlobe.com digital subscription. Current print and digital subscribers are not eligible for the free trial.