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The Boston Globe

World

Kremlin says policy architect will resign

MOSCOW — The Kremlin announced the resignation on Wednesday of Vladislav Y. Surkov, a longtime domestic policy adviser and architect of Russia’s centralized political system, now under strain from protests.

Surkov, a former advertising executive, had coined the phrase “sovereign democracy” to describe the Russian system under President Vladimir Putin, a system that preserved popular elections but stripped them of meaning by closely manipulating the process.

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