NEW DELHI — Secretary of State John F. Kerry urged fast-growing India on Sunday to work with the United States on global warming before it’s too late. ‘‘The irreversible climate challenge is speeding towards us, crying out for a global solution,” he said.
Kerry spoke on climate change in a speech in New Delhi, the second stop on his two-week swing through the Mideast and Asia, just two days before President Obama is to unveil his long-awaited plan for the United States on the issue.
‘‘The world’s largest democracy and its oldest one must do more together, uniting not as a threat to anyone, not as a counterweight to a region or some other countries, but as partners building a strong, smart future in a critical age,’’ Kerry said in a reference to how India is often viewed as a counterbalance to China.
People consulting with White House officials on Obama’s plan say they expect the president to put forth regulations on heat-trapping gases emitted by coal-fired power plants that are already running. Environmental groups have been pleading with Obama to take that step, but the administration has said it’s focused first on controls on new power plants. More than half of India’s power comes from coal and while the United States has emission issues of its own, it wants to see India and other nations in the region rely less on old, coal-generation facilities. The United States is backing a Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India pipeline that would bring energy to a power-starved region.
Speaking at a convention center to a crowd of several hundred businessmen, students, and others, Kerry noted that federal scientists in May reported that the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere passed 400 parts per million — a level never before experienced by man.
‘‘When the desert is creeping into East Africa, and ever more scarce resources push farmers and herders into deadly conflict . . . then this is a matter of shared security for all of us. . . . When the Himalayan glaciers are receding, threatening the very supply of water to almost a billion people, we all need to do better,’’ he said.
During his first trip to India as secretary of state, the top US diplomat was expected to discuss a myriad of other topics, including enhancing security in the region and prospects for finding a political resolution to the war in Afghanistan.
As NATO troops leave, India fears the country could fall into the hands of a Taliban-led regime, endangering many of India’s interests there.
Kerry reassured India, which has invested more than $2 billion to reconstruct Afghanistan, that the US commitment to the Afghan people will not end at the close of next year when NATO-led combat troops complete their withdrawal.