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2 Turkish pilots freed in hostage deal

3-way accord involves Syrians, Shi’ite pilgrims

The family of nine Lebanese pilgrims held by Syrian rebels since May 2012 awaited their return in Beirut on Saturday.

ANWAR AMRO/AFP/Getty Images

The family of nine Lebanese pilgrims held by Syrian rebels since May 2012 awaited their return in Beirut on Saturday.

BEIRUT — Two Turkish pilots kidnapped by militants in Lebanon were freed Saturday as part of a three-way deal that saw nine Lebanese pilgrims abducted in Syria released from captivity, officials said.

Turkish Airlines pilots Murat Akpinar and Murat Agca had been held since their kidnapping in August in Beirut. A private jet carried the pilots from Beirut’s international airport Saturday night as family members of the kidnapped pilgrims anxiously waited there for their arrival.

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The Turks’ release is part of a negotiated hostage deal that included the freeing of the kidnapped pilgrims, as well as dozens of women held in Syrian government jails.

The nine Shi’ite pilgrims were kidnapped in May 2012 while on their way from Iran to Lebanon via Turkey and Syria.

Residents of the mostly Shi’ite southern suburb of Beirut fired celebratory gunfire into the air, waved the Lebanese national flag, and recited poetry in anticipation of seeing their loved ones.

Lebanon’s interior minister, Marwan Charbel, said the pilgrims should arrive at the international airport in Lebanon’s capital, Beirut. He said the development was a cause for celebration.

The pilgrims were held by Syrian rebels who initially demanded that the Lebanese Shi’ite group Hezbollah end its involvement in the Syria’s civil war, now entering a third year. They later softened their demands to the release of imprisoned women held by security forces loyal to President Bashar Assad.

Assad has drawn support from Syria’s ethnic and religious minorities, including Christians and members of his Alawite sect.

The rebels are dominated by Syria’s Sunni Muslim majority. Lebanese Shi’ite group Hezbollah have played a critical role in recent battlefield victories for forces loyal to Assad.

Hard-line Sunni fighters have backed the rebels.

The pilgrims’ kidnapping set off a series of tit-for-tat kidnappings by Shi’ite clansmen inside Lebanon, including that of the two Turkish pilots. The gunmen hoped to pressure Turkey to help release the pilgrims.

Turkey is thought to have close ties to some Syrian rebel groups. All three groups of captives — the Lebanese pilgrims, the Turkish pilots, and the imprisoned Syrian women — are meant to be released in coming days as part of the negotiated deal.

Hopeful families crowded into Beirut’s international airport, waiting for their loved ones.

‘‘I miss you as much as the size of all the sky,’’ said a young girl waiting for her father, speaking to a local Lebanese television station. Her mother stood beside her, sobbing.

Lebanese, Turkish, and Syrian officials declined to offer more details of the complicated, multilateral exchange. The deal appeared to be mostly mediated by the resource-rich Gulf state of Qatar, which has supported Syrian rebels in their battle against the Assad government. Palestinian officials also mediated.

It is one of the more ambitious negotiated settlements to come out of Syria’s civil war, where the warring sides remain largely opposed to any bartered peace. But it suggested that the parties — and their regional backers — were more prepared to deal with each other than at any other previous time in the conflict.

The Lebanese pilgrims crossed into Turkey late Friday.

Meanwhile Saturday, Syrian rebels assaulted a checkpoint in a pro-government suburb of Damascus on Saturday, setting off a suicide car bomb that killed 16 soldiers, activists said.

Rebels led by the Al Qaeda-linked Jabhat al-Nusra or Nusra Front set off the bomb while assaulting a checkpoint near the town of Mleiha. The town lies beside the suburb of Jaramana, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. It reported heavy fighting after the blast.

The state news agency SANA said the suicide blast wounded 15 people, most of them seriously.

At least 100,000 Syrians have been killed in the civil war.

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