CAIRO — Egypt’s presidential election on Monday turned into a nationalist celebration at many polls with voters singing and dancing for the almost certain winner — former military chief Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who last year ousted the first freely elected president.
But the first day of voting in the two-day election also illustrated the bitter divisions that have riven Egypt since the military’s removal of Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi. In towns where Islamists dominate, voting was often thin or nonexistent.
Sissi, a 59-year-old retired field marshal, is looking for more than a landslide victory from the election. He is hoping for a strong turnout to show international critics that his July 3 ouster of Morsi reflected the will of the people — and to claim popular support as he tries to tackle Egypt’s daunting economic woes.
For 10 months, Sissi has had the institutions of state and nearly all of Egypt’s media behind him, whipping up a pro-military jingoism and depicting him as the sole figure who can rescue the country.
After polls closed Monday, the prime minister declared Tuesday a holiday for government employees to allow them go to the polls, in a push for greater numbers.
Sissi’s only rival in the race is left-wing politician Hamdeen Sabahi, who finished third in the 2012 presidential vote.
To accommodate the adulation surrounding Sissi, election commission spokesman Abdel-Aziz Salman said that if voters write ‘‘l love you’’ or draw hearts next to their choice on their ballots, it would count as a valid vote — unlike in the past when anything but a check would spoil the vote.
At some polling stations in Cairo, lines of Sissi supporters waved Egyptian flags and wore clothes in the national red-white-and-black colors.
Men and women, including ones wearing the conservative Muslim veil, danced to pro-military pop songs, ‘‘Bless the Hands’’ and ‘‘A Good Omen,’’ which have played constantly on the radio for months.
‘‘He is a strict military man. He will get a grip on the country and bring security to the street,’’ said Olfat Sayed Hasanein, a university professor who voted for Sissi. ‘‘We cannot afford any more failures.’’
Many voters are desperate for stability after three years of violence and economic decline since autocrat Hosni Mubarak was ousted by the 2011 popular uprising led by activists seeking democratic change and economic equality.
So they have embraced Sissi, who promises to end turmoil and has shown a hard-handed intolerance for dissent.
Security forces have waged a bloody crackdown on Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamists, killing hundreds and jailing more than 16,000 — and have also arrested secu- lar activists critical of the military.
Hoda Takla, a 65-year-old Coptic Christian from Cairo’s upper-class Maadi suburb had a message for those who oppose Sissi.
‘‘They are not thinking straight,’’ she said. ‘‘I feel we are the majority now and I feel that circumstances have brought us Muslims and Christians again closer together. I am very optimistic.’’
Christians are among Sissi’s strongest supporters for his fight against Islamists, whose power they feared.
Morsi’s loyalists accuse him of crushing democracy with a coup.
His secular critics, many of whom supported Morsi’s removal, now fear Sissi will enshrine a Mubarak-style autocracy.
The Brotherhood and its Islamist allies — who dominated all other votes since Mubarak’s ouster — have called for a boycott of the election. That will probably reduce turnout by a sizable chunk of the nearly 54 million registered voters.