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Ukraine’s president shakes up military

President faces pressure over army’s struggles

KIEV, Ukraine — President Petro Poroshenko of Ukraine shook up his faltering military Thursday, appointing a new defense minister and top general while speaking angrily about the years of decay and corruption that left the forces unable to deal effectively with the well-armed eastern insurgency.

His tougher tone, analysts say, reflects public pressure to continue the fight against the insurgents in the regions bordering Russia— even with a rickety military that has had little success.

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Poroshenko denounced the ‘‘complete collapse’’ of the government’s ability to supply the armed forces in a sometimes angry, finger-wagging speech in Parliament.

He won quick approval for his choice of former top police official Valery Heletey as defense minister, replacing Mikhailo Koval. He also tapped Lieutenant General Viktor Muzhenko as chief of the military’s general staff and Yury Kosyuk, an agriculture magnate and one of Ukraine’s richest men, to oversee defense issues in the presidential administration and to help ‘‘purge the army of thieves and grafters.’’ Accusations of corruption have been rife as Kiev’s operation against the rebels continues.

‘‘The revival of the army is starting from scratch, an army which is capable of fighting and winning,’’ Poroshenko said.

Poroshenko’s shakeup underscores the complex job he faces of making peace overtures and suppressing the insurgency that threatens to tear his country apart or create a permanent twilight zone beyond government control.

Other pressures come from outside: Ukraine and the West say Russia is helping arm the rebels and letting its citizens cross the border to fight, while key allies France and Germany are pushing Poroshenko to pursue talks over attacks.

The president’s forceful words and demeanor contrasted with his emphasis on starting a peace process voiced in his inaugural address June 7. He declared a unilateral cease-fire for 10 days hoping rebels would lay down their arms and join talks. But the cease-fire was repeatedly violated, and it expired. Foreign ministers from Ukraine, Russia, Germany, and France are pushing to get talks going again by Saturday, with the aim of achieving a cease-fire honored by both sides.

Rebels in the eastern regions of Donetsk and Luhansk, where more Russian speakers live, have declared independence and occupied government buildings. The insurrection, in which more than 400 people have died, started after pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych was driven from office by a protest movement among people wanting closer ties with the European Union instead of Russia. Russia called Yanukovych’s ouster a coup and seized Ukraine’s Russian-speaking Crimea region.

Poroshenko was elected in a special election May 25 to replace Yanukovych and faces high expectations.

‘‘The level of impatience in society is very high,’’ said Alyona Getmanchuk, director of the Institute of World Policy research institute in Kiev. ‘‘They want to see results.’’

Getmanchuk said Poroshenko is careful to meet with a wide range of people, a habit he cultivated when serving as foreign minister in an earlier government, and knows what people are thinking.

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