GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip — Eight Palestinian militants emerged from a tunnel some 300 yards inside Israel on Saturday morning, armed with automatic weapons and wearing Israeli military uniforms, the Israeli military said. The gunmen fired a rocket-propelled grenade at two Israeli military jeeps on patrol, starting a battle that killed two Israeli officers and one of the militants, according to the military. The rest then retreated underground, back to Gaza.
Hours later, the military says, two more militants entered Israel either through a tunnel or by breaching the border fence. The Israelis reported the men were carrying tranquilizers and handcuffs; one militant was fatally shot and the other died when the explosive belt he was wearing detonated, a military spokesman said.
And Saturday night, in yet another incursion, a militant slipped through a different tunnel into Israeli territory and, according to the military, fired on troops who killed him.
The infiltrations came even as the Israeli military pressed deeper into Gaza, killing 48 Palestinians in an intensifying ground war it says is focused both on destroying a labyrinth of tunnels before they can be used for launching attacks and on quelling rocket fire from the Palestinian enclave.
The morning clash was the first time in the current war that the militants killed soldiers inside Israel. It came just three days after 13 Hamas gunmen poured from another tunnel into Israel in an attempted assault. Israeli officials framed the encounters as successes in thwarting attacks on Israel. But they were also an indication that Hamas could strike even during the invasion through a tunnel network that Israeli officials just revealed they had been studying for a year to plan a way to destroy them.
Though the government has said the ground campaign will be limited and focused at the tunnels, the growing intensity of the battles that are pushing deeper into civilian areas suggested that the impact on Gaza’s civilians could grow far worse.
Already, tens of thousands of Gazans have been forced to flee. The day’s death toll appeared to be the highest since July 8, when Israel began airstrikes it said were meant to quell rocket attacks. At one hospital in northern Gaza, the director said that 40 casualties arrived in just four hours Saturday morning, a number that had been typical for an entire day before the ground invasion.
The Palestinian death toll in Gaza rose to 336 since the start of that campaign, with more than 2,400 wounded, the Palestinian health ministry said. About 75 percent of the casualties have been civilians, according to a United Nations count.
The Israeli military dropped leaflets urging residents of additional areas, including two crowded refugee camps, Al-Bureij and Al-Maghazi, to evacuate, raising alarms from the United Nations, which said that shelters were already overwhelmed and in danger of running out of supplies. More than 63,000 people have flocked to official shelters, a number that has tripled in two days, and many more have taken refuge with friends and family.
Among the conflict victims buried Saturday in Gaza were eight members of the Abu Jarad family, including four children, killed by an Israeli artillery barrage Friday night. During their funeral Saturday, artillery and small arms fire echoed nearby from clashes between Hamas militants and Israeli forces. Hamas rockets whooshed into the sky from a nearby launch site, and some mourners hurried away before the ceremony was over.
Hamas on Saturday night issued a statement giving its own version of the incursions through the tunnels, describing them as one of several “surprises” it had in store for the “army of occupation” in revenge for those killed during “its aggression on Gaza.” It said 12 fighters went “behind enemy lines” and could have attacked civilian areas, but waited six hours to confront the army directly. The group claimed it had destroyed three jeeps and killed six soldiers, and tweeted photos of M16 rifles it said it had captured in the raid.
Before the first tunnel incursion last week, Israel had explained its latest assault on Gaza as a way of quieting a dramatic increase of rocket fire from the area after weeks of heightened tensions over the killings of Israeli and Palestinian youths.
But tunnels under the border have had a powerful hold on the Israeli psyche since 2006, when Hamas fighters used one to capture an army lieutenant, Gilad Shalit, who was held for six years. And as the Israeli offensive started, some were pushing hard to destroy what they call “terror tunnels” as well.
Israel went ahead with the ground offensive targeting the tunnels after the Hamas gunmen entered the country through a tunnel Thursday near a kibbutz in the south.
“You need an event along the scale of the current event in order for you to be able to go in,” Yair Lapid, the Israeli finance minister, said on Israeli television Saturday. “After all, had we gone into Gaza three months ago, out of the blue, everyone would have said: Why are you entering Gaza?”
In recent months, Hamas officials have been referring to the tunnels as part of their strategy for battling Israel. In March, a former Hamas prime minister, Ismail Haniya, said in a speech before thousands of supporters in Gaza City that tunnels open “a new strategy in confronting the occupation and in the conflict with the enemy from underground and from above the ground.”
Officials often portrayed the tunnels as crucial to being able to abduct Israelis to trade for Palestinian prisoners held in Israel.
Israeli troops have uncovered and taken control of 13 tunnels so far, Lt. Col. Peter Lerner, the military spokesman, said, running as much as 30 yards underground and sturdily built with what the military estimates is 600,000 tons of concrete. Concrete is a precious resource in Gaza, with most imports banned except for international projects, so it appeared that the material came through tunnels from Egypt or was diverted from its intended purpose. The lack of concrete for building has left many Gazans unable to rebuild homes and without work.
Lerner added that the tunnels were all over the periphery of Gaza and he believed there were “tens” more.
He said troops were in the process of demolishing the tunnels, and have been engaged in “urban warfare” inside Gaza.
Hamas militants were fighting back with anti-tank missiles, small-arms fire and grenades, Lerner said.
A rocket fired from Gaza killed an Israeli, Odeh Lafia al-Waj, 32, in a Bedouin village near Dimona, injuring four members of his family, including a 3-month-old girl who was critically hurt. He was the first Israeli civilian killed by one of about 1,600 rockets fired by Hamas, most of which are intercepted by defense systems or fall in open fields. Another Israeli had been killed last week by a mortar shell close to Gaza.
Meanwhile, in northern Gaza, scores were buried. In Khan Younis to the south, seven people were killed, mostly men, and others were wounded when a drone struck a group of people in the middle of the city, the health ministry said.
Four Israeli rockets struck a building in Rafah on the same floor where a dozen foreign and Palestinian journalists were working in an office. They narrowly escaped, and Israel later issued a statement saying it was not responsible for journalists’ safety.
Many Gaza residents say they are unsure where to go for safety. Israel blames Hamas for operating in residential areas and has urged Palestinians to move away from the group’s personnel and rocket launch sites and to pressure Hamas not to use their neighborhoods. Civilians here say they have little sway over armed Hamas militants and do not always know that they are operating nearby until it is too late.
The U.N. agency for Palestinian refugees said it was “extremely concerned” that a more intensive military operation would sharply increase the numbers fleeing within Gaza, where people are effectively trapped by border restrictions, and noted that the number of displaced people had already outpaced that in the Gaza conflict in 2008 and 2009.