With the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency now revealing what evidence it had when it punished Lance Armstrong, take a look at where the debate over whether he should be officially stripped of his seven Tour de France titles:
Q: WHO HAS THE AUTHORITY TO STRIP ARMSTRONG OF TOUR DE FRANCE TITLES?
A: USADA says it does under the authority of the World Anti-Doping Code. The UCI says it wants to see USADA’s report.
The World Anti-Doping Code gives the cycling union the right to appeal the sanctions against Armstrong that impact the world’s most prestigious bike race — and some fireworks between the agencies are expected. The UCI has clashed with USADA over the Armstrong case, even challenging its authority to bring charges.
Q: ONCE UCI GETS THE REPORT, WHAT HAPPENS?
A: UCI has been critical of USADA for taking so long, but once the report arrives, the cycling union will have 21 days to appeal to the world Court of Arbitration for Sport. The report also will go to the World Anti-Doping Agency, which also has the right to appeal, but so far has supported USADA’s position in the Armstrong case.
‘‘We’ve got no problem with the process they have followed,’’ WADA general director David Howman said. ‘‘We’ve just got to be patient and be quiet until the decision comes to hand.’’
Armstrong’s lawyers say USADA should send UCI its entire case file, not just a streamlined report packaged to support USADA’s decision. In a letter to the agency on Tuesday, Armstrong attorney Tim Herman accused USADA of ‘‘still trying to create evidence and put it in the file now,’’ long after it supposedly had an airtight case.
Q: THE TOUR DE FRANCE COULD HAVE TO VACATE SEVEN YEARS WORTH OF RESULTS. WHAT DO RACE OFFICIALS SAY?
A: The Tour has been silent while waiting for direction from UCI. It would be awkward for the world’s most popular bike race to have to erase the name of a seven-time champion.
In previous cases, Tour organizers have taken a back seat in stripping the titles. When Alberto Contador tested positive for clenbuterol during the 2010 race, the UCI first left the case to the Spanish Cycling Federation. The Spanish body exonerated him, so UCI and WADA appealed and won a two-year ban and annulment of results, including the Tour title.
In 2006, Floyd Landis was stripped of his title by an American arbitration panel.
Q: WILL ARMSTRONG PUSH FOR UCI TO APPEAL?
A: It depends on how determined he is to see his name in the record books. Armstrong built worldwide brands for himself and his cancer-fighting foundation on the strength of those Tour victories.
But an appeal could mean many more months or years defending himself against constant allegations. He chose to drop his fight in August and may be willing to give it up forever.
Armstrong continues to introduce himself as a seven-time Tour de France winner, but has also said the public will remember his as a champion even if his titles are stripped.