Early Tuesday, after a 21-month investigation, Anthony P. Bosch, the businessman at the center of the South Florida doping scandal, surrendered to Drug Enforcement Administration agents.
Prosecutors charged the former Biogenesis of America owner and a half-dozen of his associates with distributing a controlled substance — the anabolic steroid testosterone — to hundreds of people, including high school athletes and multimillionaire superstars.
“Our investigation revealed that these performance-enhancing drugs did go to minors, to professional athletes and to others,” Wifredo A. Ferrer, the US attorney for the Southern District of Florida, said in a phone interview. “It was a network of recruiters and folks in the black market.”
But even before his arrest, Bosch, 50, had already struck a deal with prosecutors to help them expose his network, much like he had helped Major League Baseball a year earlier make its case against Alex Rodriguez. This time, in exchange for Bosch entering a guilty plea and providing information for investigators, prosecutors agreed to recommend a lenient sentence. Bosch faces 10 years in prison.
On Tuesday, a seven-page court filing outlined the information that Bosch could share with prosecutors. The document names a number of Bosch’s colleagues — a series of patient recruiters, business partners, and suppliers — who were also charged in the case Tuesday.
Beginning in October 2008, Bosch began offering testosterone and other chemicals to patients at the anti-aging clinics he co-founded in South Florida. He was known to wear a white lab coat and refer to himself as “Dr. T,” leading most of his customers to believe that he was a doctor. But Bosch had no medical credential of any sort.
Some of his patients were high school students, ages 15 to 17, who would visit him with their parents. They paid $260 to $600 per month for the drugs. Prosecutors said Bosch admitted to treating at least 18 minors.
“He is not a doctor,” said Mark R. Trouville, the Drug Enforcement Administration’s special agent in charge in Miami. “He is a drug dealer.”
At the same time, Bosch was also treating professional athletes, advising them that “he could make them feel better, get stronger, recover faster, and play better” — and that his treatment regimen, which included preloaded testosterone syringes — was “safe and undetected if used exactly as prescribed,” the document said. The professionals paid up to $12,000 a month.
Bosch continued to dispense performance-enhancing drugs until late 2012, a short time before the Miami New Times, a weekly newspaper, reported that it had obtained documents from Bosch’s clinic, potentially connecting a number of players to the use of banned substances.
Late last year, Bosch took the witness stand as Rodriguez appealed his doping ban, the sport’s longest for doping. During a contentious hearing in New York, Bosch offered testimony that led to Rodriguez’s being barred for all of the 2014 season and postseason. With Bosch’s assistance, MLB also suspended 13 other players, including stars such as Ryan Braun and Nelson Cruz.
On Tuesday, Joe Tacopina, a lawyer for Rodriguez, said, “At the end of the day, Alex was not charged with a crime.”
As for Bosch, Tacopina said, “The day has finally come when that stupid smirk gets wiped off his face.”