Front page

Romney releases 2011 tax returns

Mitt Romney revealed Friday he paid an effective federal tax rate of 14.1 percent last year on $13.7 million in income, and also disclosed a 20-year snapshot of returns.

Jayme Rose sends a text message in her mother’s Hyannis shop.

Steve haines/For the Globe

Cellphone overcharges putting a strain on many families

Nearly half of Americans with mobile phones pay $100 or more per month, and more than 1 in 10 spend at least $200 a month.

Mayor Thomas M. Menino endorsed Elizabeth Warren (left) at a rally in Roslindale Friday. Scott Brown (right) discussed Elizabeth Warren’s work with Travelers Insurance.

Jonathan Wiggs/globe staff (left); David L Ryan/Globe Staff (right)

Brown sharpens attacks as Warren woos voters

A day after their first debate, Senator Scott Brown intensified his attacks, while Elizabeth Warren rallied voters after receiving the backing of Mayor Thomas M. Menino.

Scientists begin to unravel long-term effects of early adversity

Scientists have begun to tease apart how stress, social isolation, and deprivation early in life can harm children’s brains and lead to behavior and mental health problems later in life.

On Yom Kippur, atonement via Twitter

Congregants at Harvard Hillel have been asked to submit their own sins via Twitter with the hashtag ­#AlChetHarvard for the ­Jewish Day of Atonement.

The Nation

Congress departs Washington to hit campaign trail

Members of the House of Representives leave the Capitol building on Friday; they plan to return after Election Day.

By Andrew Taylor

The most partisan, least productive Congress in memory is bolting Washington for the campaign trail, leaving a pile of unfinished business.

Patients with Alzheimer’s feel isolated, report says

About a quarter of people with dementia hide or conceal their diagnosis because of the stigma surrounding the disease, and 40 percent say they are excluded from everyday life.

Train warnings not heeded before crash, witness says

A witness who saw a trailer truck hit an Amtrak train in the Nevada desert said the truck driver seemed unaware of the approaching passenger train.

The World

Space shuttle Endeavour lands at LAX after aerial tour

Two F-18 jets escorted the space shuttle Endeavor as it arrived in Los Angeles on Friday carried atop a 747 jumbo jet.

Strapped to the back of a 747 jumbo jet, the pair touched down about 1 p.m. after a nearly five-hour flyover.

US pulls last ‘surge’ troops out

By Rod Nordland

As the troops head home about a week ahead of schedule, the US coalition and its Afghan partners are bedeviled by a host of problems.

Libyan protesters overrun militia compounds

Tens of thousands of people marched in Benghazi Friday to protest Libya’s militias, later storming three of their bases.

By Abigail Hauslohner

Thousands of Libyans marched through Benghazi on Friday to demand the dismantlement of armed militias that have ruled the streets since the end of Khadafy’s rule.

Editorial & Opinion

opinion | Edward L. Glaeser

US foreign policy needs less Rambo, more Kissinger

 Sylvester Stallone famously takes no guff in the 2008 film “Rambo.”

By Edward L. Glaeser

Both Barack Obama and Mitt Romney should recognize that our success in dealing with the world depends not just on strength but on sagacity.

Jennifer Graham

At the Big E, freedom is deep-fried

 Fairgoers brave the giant slide at the the Big E fair in West Springfield.

By Jennifer Graham

At the Eastern States Exposition fair in West Springfield, gluttony is still encouraged and admired.

lawrence harmon

‘Ragtime’ could help revive Dorchester

By Lawrence Harmon

Neither the selection of the play nor the choice of venue — the city-owned Strand Theatre in Dorchester — happened by accident.

Metro

Brown sharpens attacks as Warren woos voters

Mayor Thomas M. Menino endorsed Elizabeth Warren (left) at a rally in Roslindale Friday. Scott Brown (right) discussed Elizabeth Warren’s work with Travelers Insurance.

By Michael Levenson and Andrew Ryan

A day after their first debate, Senator Scott Brown intensified his attacks, while Elizabeth Warren rallied voters after receiving the backing of Mayor Thomas M. Menino.

Scientists begin to unravel long-term effects of early adversity

By Carolyn Y. Johnson

Scientists have begun to tease apart how stress, social isolation, and deprivation early in life can harm children’s brains and lead to behavior and mental health problems later in life.

On Yom Kippur, atonement via Twitter

By Martine Powers

Congregants at Harvard Hillel have been asked to submit their own sins via Twitter with the hashtag ­#AlChetHarvard for the ­Jewish Day of Atonement.

Business

Reebok revenue forecast slashed

By Jenn Abelson

Adidas reduced its long-term revenue forecast at Reebok as the Canton sneaker maker attempts to sharpen it focus on developing and selling fitness products.

Tech Lab

iPhone 5 is almost totally irresistible

Customers in Tokyo cheered as Apple began selling its iPhone 5 on Friday morning.
 For the debut, Apple’s fans jammed the tech juggernaut’s shops across the Pacific region.

By Hiawatha Bray

It’s larger and yet lighter than its excellent predecessor. And at last Apple has built a phone that works on 4G LTE data networks, so you can download music and video extremely fast.

For the faithful, debut iPhone worth celebrating

John Morrissey and his mom, wearing bright orange Gazelle sweatshirts, led the line outside the Apple Store on Bolyston Street.

By Alli Knothe and Laura Finaldi

The iPhone 5 went on sale, and the buzz around Apple’s latest device once again drew huge crowds.

Obituaries

Carolyn Arond, teacher at Vietnam War camp

Carolyn Arond

By Kathleen McKenna

Mrs. Arond, a longtime teacher in Boston and Chelsea elementary schools, spent three years as a teacher at a relocation camp in the central highlands of Vietnam during the war. She was 69.

Jerome Horwitz; researcher created first AIDS medicine

Dr. Horwitz said his ‘‘heart was always in cancer research.’’

By Emily Langer

Dr. Horwitz, 93, created the chemical compound AZT, which emerged as a treatment for HIV/AIDS.

Dorothy Carter; actress wrote children’s books

Ms. Carter, 94, was a stage actress who starred in the adaptation of the groundbreaking novel ‘‘Strange Fruit’’ on Broadway and later became an educator and author.

Sports

Patriots notebook

Patriots’ Moore making moment against Ravens last

It was Sterling Moore who broke up a pass that Ravens receiver Lee Evans appeared to be pulling in for a last-minute touchdown in last season’s AFC Championship.

By Michael Whitmer

The last time the Patriots played the Ravens, Sterling Moore broke up a last-minute touchdown pass to Lee Evans to help send New England to the Super Bowl.

Flags raised on NFL replacement referees

Substitute officials have been put in a difficult position, but they have to regroup after a disastrous Week 2.

By Amalie Benjamin

Nearly every game last weekend featured a mistake by substitute officials, some with the outcome on the line.

ravens notebook

Ravens see improvement in Patriots defense

Baltimore’s Joe Flacco hurt the Patriots defense in last season’s AFC Championship game.

By Julian Benbow

Joe Flacco was able to pick apart the Patriots secondary in the AFC Championship, but the Ravens realize they are dealing with a different New England defense this season.