Canada urges US not to put troops at border during pandemic

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau addressed Canadians on the COVID-19 pandemic from Rideau Cottage in Ottawa, Canada, on Thursday.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau addressed Canadians on the COVID-19 pandemic from Rideau Cottage in Ottawa, Canada, on Thursday.Sean Kilpatrick/Associated Press

TORONTO (AP) — Canada has told the Trump administration that a proposal to put troops at the US-Canada border amid the pandemic is entirely unnecessary and would damage relations between the two longtime allies.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said his government has been in discussions with the White House about convincing the US not to do it.

"Canada and the United States have the longest un-militarized border in the world and it is very much in both of our interests for it to remain that way," Trudeau said.

Trump said the US has troops at the border but then said he would need to find out about that. He then suggested he would deploy troops along the Canadian border to match what is being done at the Mexican border.


“I guess it's equal justice to a certain extent,” Trump said. “We have a lot of things coming in from Canada, we have trade, some illegal trade, that we don't like.”

The president mentioned steel in particular, suggesting troops could prevent steel dumping.

The US military does not play any role in policing steel shipments. And the US has not sent troops to the border to police the mutual closing of that border to non-essential, non-commercial traffic. The border is controlled on both sides by non-military entry stations.

According to a US official, the Department of Homeland Security did make a formal request to the Pentagon for military forces to provide additional security along the northern border, between entry points. The official said the request was made a few days ago and the Defense Department has done some initial planning but there has been no final decision on whether or not to approve the request.

The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss internal deliberations, said there was no discussion about closing the border, only about beefing up efforts to prevent any illegal crossings. It wasn’t clear if by Thursday afternoon whether the department was still pursuing the request, or if approved, whether it would be filled by active duty or National Guard troops.


Another Trump administration official said they are considering additional actions to ensure "personnel at our borders have the resources and operational support needed to address the profound public health threat of uncontrolled cross-border movement during a pandemic.” The official spoke on condition of anonymity as they were not authorized to discuss internal discussions.

Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland said they have told the Trump administration there is no justification for troops. Very few people cross the border into the US from Canada illegally and Canada has universal health care and widespread testing for the virus. And COVID-19 cases are surging more in the US than in Canada.

“What we have said is, ‘We really do not believe at all that there would be a public health justification for you to take this action,’” Freeland said. “And we have said ‘We really don’t think is the right way to treat a trusted friend and military ally.'"

Freeland said the specifics of what the US is proposing is a question for American officials to answer and declined to say what the Trump administration is contemplating.

She said they are “very directly and very forcefully” expressing the view that “this is an entirely unnecessary step” that Canada would "view as damaging to the relationship.”


Freeland stressed that they are talking about a potential decision by the US and said they first learned of the proposal a few days ago. Trudeau's office has been in direct contact with the White House and Canada's defense and public safety ministers have spoken to their counterparts.

“Our understanding is that a decision has yet not been acted upon or fully taken. But having said that, decisions are taken speedily by all governments around the world including ours," Freeland said. “Canada is strongly opposed to this US proposal."

Canada has more than 3,400 cases, 35 deaths and has tested over 158,000 people.

Canada relies on the US for 75 percent of its exports. About 18 percent of Canada's exports go to the US The two countries have already closed the border both ways to all non-essential travel.

“This is strictly showmanship on the part of the American president. It will have no practical impact. It is an attempt to impress the American public that the president is doing something,” said Nelson Wiseman, a political science professor at the University of Toronto.

Bruce Heyman, a former US ambassador to Canada, said it would be a serious misuse of resources and a dangerous and inappropriate use of American troops.

“It makes no military sense. It makes no economic sense. It makes no sense at any level other than Donald Trump's political level,” Heyman said.


Lolita Baldor and Ben Fox contributed to this report from Washington.