WASHINGTON — The Trump administration put up bureaucratic obstacles that stalled approximately $20 billion in hurricane relief for Puerto Rico and then obstructed an investigation into the holdup, according to an inspector general report obtained by The Washington Post.
Congress requested the investigation into the delays to recovery aid for Puerto Rico after Hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017 left residents of the US territory without power and clean water for months. But, the report said, former Housing and Urban Development secretary Ben Carson and another former HUD official declined to be interviewed by investigators during the course of the examination that began in 2019.
Access to HUD information was delayed or denied on several occasions. Several former senior administration officials in the Office of Management and Budget refused to provide requested information about decision-making related to the Puerto Rico relief funds.
“Delays and denials of access and refusals to cooperate negatively affected the ability of the [Office of Inspector General] to conduct this review,” the report said.
The 46-page report presents an incomplete picture of the political influence of the Trump White House on delaying disaster relief for the struggling island.
Still, Inspector General Rae Oliver Davis, appointed by Trump as top HUD watchdog, found unprecedented procedural hurdles set by the White House budget office — in addition to an extended partial federal government shutdown that also produced delays.
The Office of Management and Budget required HUD’s notice of grant funds to go through an interagency review process before approval, preventing HUD from publishing its draft notice of funding by its target date. The OMB had never before required such a review process for a notice allocating disaster-recovery funds, according to the inspector general’s report, and there had been no previous discussion about requiring the extra step.
“This is about life and death issues,” said Representative Nydia M. Velázquez, a New York Democrat, who led the call for the inspector general’s investigation. She characterized the Trump administration’s actions as “a way to prevent the people of Puerto Rico from access to so much needed money to prevent people from dying.”
She said Congress must now find ways to ensure that when lawmakers appropriate money to federal agencies as they did to HUD for hurricane relief, “that the administration must comply with the will of Congress.”
One senior HUD official, Stan Gimont, then the deputy assistant secretary for grant programs, bemoaned the tedious review process imposed by the White House budget office as “kind of like Groundhog Day, just keeps coming back. And that’s . . . where your frustration will set in. . . . It’s almost like we’re going to keep bringing this back to you until you just eat it,” the report said.
While investigators interviewed 20 current and former HUD officials and two Puerto Rico housing officials, they had no access to Carson. Several senior political appointees at HUD withheld answers to questions, and White House budget office officials involved in delaying the timing of the aid also refused to cooperate.
The report said Carson and then-HUD Deputy Secretary Brian Montgomery had expressed “mounting concerns and frustrations” to then-acting OMB director Russell Vought about “HUD’s inability to make progress” on disbursing the funds. At one point, Montgomery told Vought that the White House’s actions were tantamount to holding disaster-relief funds “hostage,” the report said.
But the inspector general said given the lack of cooperation, investigators were unable to determine why the extra layer of review was required.
HUD had initially intended to publish a funding notice that would have applied to all 16 jurisdictions receiving hurricane relief, but OMB urged the agency to issue separate notices for Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands, the report said. Carson reluctantly agreed on the grounds that the agency was concerned over alleged corruption and fiscal mismanagement on the island.
The Post had previously reported that former president Donald Trump repeatedly told aides that disaster relief allocated for Puerto Rico must be closely monitored because he believed the territory’s government was corrupt and the economy in poor shape before the hurricanes devastated the island. Trump had also told then-White House chief of staff John Kelly and then-OMB director Mick Mulvaney that he did not want a single dollar going to Puerto Rico, and instead, he wanted more of the money to go to Texas and Florida.
The White House budget office also insisted on overhauls to Puerto Rico’s property-management records, suspension of its minimum wage on federal contracts, and other prerequisites to access relief funds, prompting Montgomery to question whether HUD had the legal authority to enforce such requirements, the report said.
“How many poison pills are in here?” Montgomery wrote in an e-mail to other senior HUD officials, according to the report.
“Montgomery said he did not believe that HUD could coerce Puerto Rico to fix its property-tax system to receive mitigation funding because the property-tax system was not related to mitigation activities,” the report said. “He also indicated that HUD did not put these types of conditions on other disaster-recovery grantees.”
The report, released publicly on Thursday, comes five months after Trump’s reelection defeat.
It is one of numerous politically sensitive investigations by federal watchdogs who are mandated by Congress to monitor agencies for waste, fraud, and misconduct that was impeded by the last administration.
Damaging disclosures about former transportation secretary Elaine Chao, former White House physician Ronny Jackson, former secretary of state Mike Pompeo, and other Trump officials were made public months after they left office.
At least a dozen other investigations have yet to be completed, in part because of unprecedented delays to inquiries by inspectors general.