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HOMELESSNESS

Homelessness in Rhode Island

Coverage of the housing and homelessness crisis by the staff of Globe Rhode Island

Michael Smith, 65, rests on his army cot in the auditorium/hall of the former American Lithuanian Club in Providence on Feb. 9, 2022.Suzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

The latest news and developments about housing and homelessness in Rhode Island.

Jan. 18, 2023

Stefan Pryor named R.I. housing secretary

Governor Dan McKee has appointed former commerce secretary Stefan I. Pryor to be the new Housing Secretary, just a week after Joshua D. Saal resigned.

Pryor will also serve as chairman of the Board of Rhode Island Housing.

Saal, who worked under Pryor for several months as the deputy secretary of commerce for housing starting in January 2022, is expected to remain in his role through Jan. 25.

Hannah Moore, the former assistant commerce secretary, will be named as the executive director of the Housing Resources Commission (HRC). The HRC is a public body formed in 1998 and was designed to be a “board of advisors” to the state’s housing and community development department. Since its inception, no one person has served as executive director of the HRC as their only job. The current executive director, Mike Tondra, is also the director of planning and community development within the housing department.

McKee spokesman Matt Sheaff told the Globe that the governor will seek Senate confirmation for Pryor to be appointed as housing secretary and chair of Rhode Island Housing.

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Pryor and Moore will begin Feb. 6. Read more.

Rhode Island Governor Dan McKee joined Amos House and housing and community partners to kick off a statewide landlord challenge Tuesday, May 10, in an effort to provide permanent housing for Rhode Islanders who have been experiencing homelessness and staying in hotel shelters since the onset of the pandemic. DETAIL: Josh Saal, Deputy Secretary of Commerce for Housing speaks.MARK STOCKWELL FOR THE BOSTON GLOBE

Jan. 11, 2023

Housing Secretary Joshua Saal resigns

Housing Secretary Joshua D. Saal submitted his resignation to Governor Dan McKee on Wednesday, after months of criticism over the state’s response to housing and homelessness.

“Governor McKee has accepted the resignation of Housing Secretary Josh Saal,” said McKee spokesman Matthew Sheaff.

Saal will remain in the role for “a short transition period,” said Sheaff. According to Saal’s resignation letter, his resignation is effective “two weeks from today” and he will “make myself available for a period of up to 90 days.” Read more.

Jan. 10, 2023

R.I. housing secretary’s report may not be compliant with state law

The integrated housing report Housing Secretary Joshua D. Saal submitted to the General Assembly on Jan. 5 does not seem to be compliant with the state law, House Speaker K. Joseph Shekachi said.

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The report, which was submitted nearly a week after the Dec. 31, 2022 deadline, had errors and was missing key data points and required recommendations.

It was the second time in recent months that the housing secretary had failed to complete critical reports that are expected to be used to combat the state’s housing crisis and are required of him by law. The housing department’s organizational plan, due Nov. 1, 2022, was submitted more than two weeks late after Saal requested and was granted an extension, but the 22-page plan was still missing large sections. Read more.

Jan. 10, 2023

R.I. could open homeless shelter for couples in state-owned property by the end of January

A new emergency shelter in a previously vacant state-owned property may open by the end of the month with 40 beds for individual adults.

The former group home at 662 Hartford Ave. in Providence has not been used for about three years, but the state housing and community development department plans on opening approximately 40 emergency shelter beds by the end of January, according to their presentation to the state properties commission on Tuesday. The plan, which was presented by the Rachel Flaherty, the housing department’s grant project specialist, was approved by the commission.

The housing department is expected to sign a contract with Crossroads Rhode Island, which will be the organization to staff the shelter. Read more.

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Jan. 5, 2023

Days after deadline, R.I. housing secretary submits critical report

Housing Secretary Joshua Saal submitted a critical report on Thursday night, days after the deadline set by the same statute that created his position.

The “integrated housing report,” which was due to be submitted to the General Assembly by Dec. 31, required that Saal obtain and include approximately 35 different data points about housing in the state, such as information about the number of housing units available based on income and unit type in each city and town in Rhode Island.

It was also required that he include a recommendation “that shall provide consideration to any and all populations, ethnicities, income levels, and other relevant demographic criteria,” as well as recommendations to resolve any issues that provide “an impediment to the development of housing, including specific data and evidence in support of the recommendation.”

But the report submitted Thursday night is missing key information, including the required recommendations. Read more.

Jan. 3, 2023

R.I. housing secretary fails to submit key report expected to shed light on state’s housing crisis

Housing Secretary Joshua Saal failed to submit a critical report that would have provided key data on the state’s housing crisis and was required of him by law, the Globe has found.

Saal, who has held the state’s top housing job for the past year, was required to submit an “integrated housing report” to the General Assembly by Dec. 31. The report, according to Speaker K. Joseph Shekarchi’s office, was expected to list specific information about how many units are available based on income and unit type in each city and town.

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On Tuesday afternoon — nearly three days after the deadline — a spokesman for Saal confirmed the report would not be submitted by the end of the day. Read more.

Dec. 19, 2023

Affordable housing developments receive a boost from Providence Housing Authority

The Providence Housing Authority has awarded 50 project-based vouchers to three developers of new affordable housing in the city. The projects awarded will bring approximately 361 new units of housing to Providence — most of which will be considered affordable — in 2024 and 2025.

Project-based vouchers are a way for public housing authorities to dedicate a portion of their housing choice vouchers to specific developers, which provides developers a dedicated revenue source and the ability to serve the lowest income clients.

For at least 20 years, housing opportunities for extremely low-income tenants and a rental income to developers will be provided to the following developments... Read more.

Dec. 17, 2022

How a hard-working, middle-class family spiraled into homelessness

WARWICK, R.I. — Holly Barchie and Kiel Strong are skilled workers, who had lived in a stable home with their young children for more than three years. In 2021, they earned almost $80,000 from her job as a customer service specialist and his full-time job as a roofer. Her job came with benefits, and it was remote, so she could still care for their four kids.

But less than a year later, Barchie was homeless, standing in the dirt in the middle of the woods — sweaty, dusty, and exhausted — spoon-feeding her 1-year-old by the light of her cell phone’s flashlight.

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“I’ve never lived like this. I never thought my kids would be forced to,” said Barchie. “I use to drive down the highway and see tent cities in Providence and not think anything of it. I was blind to it.”

This is a story about how quickly in this dicey economy the known world can implode, how a family doing fairly well can find themselves out of options and out of a home.

Across Rhode Island, shelters for the homeless have been at capacity since the pandemic began. The few shelter beds designated for families have been full for years. The level of need has resulted in people staying at shelters, which are meant to be a temporary or emergency housing option, for several months and, in some cases, more than a year instead of just two or so weeks, according to providers. This has led to longer wait times for those in need of shelter, and forced hundreds of people, including children, to sleep in places considered by the state to be “unfit” for habitation, including cars or outside. There are only 45 shelter units for families across the state, but none in Kent County, which is where the Strongs live and work. Read more.

Kiel Strong searched for a movie for his sick children to watch as they quarantined in their room.Suzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

Dec. 16, 2022

R.I. judge denies preliminary injunction for McKee’s order to clear homeless encampment outside State House

PROVIDENCE — Superior Court Judge David Cruise on Dec. 16 denied a preliminary injunction sought against Governor Dan McKee’s order that an encampment of homeless Rhode Islanders must leave the State House grounds.

Cruise said he found “no violations” of the First Amendment or the state’s Homeless Bill of Rights, which prohibits discrimination based on housing status. His ruling focused on the state’s ban on overnight use of the State House’s grounds, which he said was a rule “not aimed at any one group.”

The defense, led by attorneys R. Bart Totten and Stephen D. Lapatin of Adler Pollock & Sheehan P.C., cited cases elsewhere which found that there was a time, place, and manner for protests on state-owned property, even if the policies were not shared with the public.

ACLU of Rhode Island cooperating attorney Lynette Labinger “respectfully” objected to Cruise’s decision.

It is unclear when the homeless Rhode Islanders living in tents on the State House grounds will have to leave.

Center for Justice executive director Jennifer Wood said she and the ACLU of Rhode Island would need to evaluate the judge’s decision before figuring out next steps.

She said there’s “always” a chance of an appeal. Read more.

Dec. 16, 2022

Cranston Street Armory will open Friday night as 24/7 warming center for homeless Rhode Islanders

PROVIDENCE — After weeks of complications, the state will open the Cranston Street Armory on Friday night as a 24/7 warming center for homeless individuals.

The governor’s office announced Dec. 16 that Amos House, a provider of services for homeless people, will staff the facility. However, their proposal to the state to run the warming station has not yet been approved.

A committee of the Continuum of Care board met Dec. 16 and reviewed the Amos House proposal.

Plans to open the Cranston Street Armory have faced many hurdles since the state announced on Nov. 30 it would become a warming center for homeless individuals. Department of Housing and Community Development Secretary Josh Saal sent a letter of intent to nearly 30 organizations on Nov. 30, soliciting proposals for operating the warming center. But none responded by the initial deadline of Dec. 7 or the extended deadline of Dec. 8.

Earlier this week, due to the lack of vendors submitting proposals, Governor Dan McKee authorized members of the Rhode Island National Guard to temporarily assist with the opening and operation of the proposed around-the-clock warming station. Read more.

Workers from the Rhode Island Emergency Management Agency unloaded tables, chairs, KN95 masks, hand disinfectant and equipment inside the Cranston Street Armory in Providence.John Tlumacki/Globe Staff

Dec. 15, 2022

R.I. attorney general declines to represent McKee in challenges to order to clear homeless encampment

PROVIDENCE — Rhode Island Attorney General Peter F. Neronha’s office declined to represent Governor Dan McKee in cases related the state’s attempt to evict the encampment of homeless people from State House grounds.

The governor’s office first contacted the attorney general’s office to request legal representation when it learned that it would be served with a lawsuit on Dec. 8, when Warwick-based attorney Rick Corley filed a suit requesting a temporary restraining order, which was issued by Superior Court Judge David Cruise the following day.

McKee is being represented by attorneys R. Bart Totten and Stephen D. Lapatin of Adler Pollock & Sheehan P.C., who have not responded to the Globe’s repeated requests for comment. It’s unclear why McKee or his office hired private counsel instead of being represented by attorneys who are state employees in his own office.

Andrea Palagi and Matt Sheaff, both spokespeople within the governor’s office, did not respond to requests for comment on hiring private counsel or the case itself. Read more.

Dec. 13, 2022

ACLU, Center for Justice file lawsuit challenging order to evict homeless people at State House encampment

PROVIDENCE — The American Civil Liberties Union of Rhode Island and the Center for Justice have filed a suit against Governor Dan McKee on behalf of members of the encampment of homeless people outside the State House, alleging the state’s actions to “evict” them is unconstitutional.

The suit, which was filed in Rhode Island Superior Court on Dec. 13, marks the second complaint filed against the governor’s order demanding that those in the encampment leave or face fines or arrest. The complaint, which names more than two dozen plaintiffs, requests that the people in the encampment be allowed to remain on State House grounds, and argues it is the encampment members’ rights of free speech and expression to do so, and their right to “peaceably assemble and petition the government.”

The ACLU said the state was violating the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments of the US Constitution, the Rhode Island Constitution, and the Homeless Bill of Rights.

State housing Secretary Josh Saal issued a statement through his spokesman Chris Raia to the Globe in response to the lawsuit Dec. 13: “Just as we have been, we’re focused on continuing to do outreach and offer shelter to the individuals and couples who are camped outside the State House.” Read more.

Dec. 12, 2022

Can Governor McKee really evict homeless people sleeping on State House grounds?

PROVIDENCE — Local and national legal experts are questioning whether Governor Dan McKee has the authority to evict homeless people sleeping on the grounds of the Rhode Island State House, which is public property.

On Dec. 7 the people, who have been sleeping outside in tents, were given 48 hours to vacate the grounds or face fines or arrest. According to notices handed out at the time, the state promised to provide them with a bed in an emergency shelter and transportation from the State House.

But Rhode Island currently has a severe shortage of shelter beds for people who are homeless.

“If there aren’t enough available shelter beds, then you can’t criminally punish someone from taking care of their basic rights like sleeping and sheltering,” Eric Tars, the legal director of the National Homelessness Law Center in Washington D.C., said in an interview with the Globe. “There doesn’t seem like there are beds available, let alone accessible.”

Tars noted that in Martin v. Boise, a case the center took on in the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, the court decided that unhoused individuals could not be punished for sleeping on public property if there were a lack of alternatives. Criminal and civil penalties used to punish those who are unhoused for existing in public spaces with nowhere else to go can be a violation of the Eighth Amendment, which refers to cruel and unusual punishment.

“The State House is owned by the state. The people it represents are the citizens of Rhode Island. My clients are citizens of Rhode Island. So there is an argument that these citizens are owners of the grounds of the State House,” said Richard Corley, an attorney who used to serve on the Warwick City Council, who on Dec. 8 filed a suit on behalf of the people sleeping outside. On Dec. 9, Superior Court Judge David Cruise issued a temporary restraining order, preventing the state from clearing the tent encampment until Wednesday. A hearing is scheduled for Wednesday at 10 a.m. Read more.

Dec. 8, 2022

Frustrations mount over plan to use Cranston Street Armory to help the homeless

PROVIDENCE — For months, advocates for the homeless have called on the state to add additional shelter beds before winter sets in, as Rhode Island’s unhoused population continues to rise. So when the state announced on Nov. 30 that it planned to open the Cranston Street Armory as a 24/7 warming station this winter, many social service providers applauded the move.

But this week, many of those same leaders are expressing their frustration with the state housing department’s lack of organization, and the armory’s safety issues and inadequate capacity.

Housing Secretary Josh Saal said his department sent a letter of intent to nearly 30 organizations on Nov. 30, soliciting proposals for operating the warming center.

The organizations contacted by the housing department were given a week to respond with a proposal. Proposals were due Dec. 7, but the deadline was pushed back by 24 hours after no one responded. The deadline was extended again, to Dec. 15

As of Dec. 8, no proposals had been submitted. Read more.

The Cranston Street Armory, which is expected to become a temporary warming station for Rhode Island's homeless population, is facing hurdles in order to open.Jonathan Wiggs/Globe Staff

Dec. 7, 2022

McKee staff notify homeless encampment at R.I. State House to leave or face fines, arrest

PROVIDENCE — Dozens of unhoused people who are sleeping outside the Rhode Island State House were handed notices on Dec. 7, informing them they would have to leave by Dec. 9, which has caused an outcry among advocates.

The notices, which were delivered to those in the encampment by members of Governor Dan McKee’s staff, said each person in the tents would be provided with a bed in an emergency shelter and transportation from the State House.

But that offer might not be fulfilled immediately, according to Caitlin Frumerie, the executive director of the Rhode Island Coalition to End Homelessness.

The notice provided to those sleeping in tents outside the State House on Wednesday said those who do not vacate the property by 9 a.m. on Dec. 9 may “result in the violator being subject to [a] fine and/or arrest.”

In an email to the Globe on Wednesday morning, McKee spokeswoman Andrea Palagi said street outreach teams from local homelessness providers contracted by the state’s Department of Housing “have routinely checked on the individuals outside the State House over the last several months to connect individuals to available services and shelter.” Read more.

Dec. 6, 2022

Cranston Street Armory faces hurdles to opening 24/7 warming station for R.I.’s homeless population

PROVIDENCE — The Cranston Street Armory, which is expected to become an around-the-clock temporary warming station for Rhode Island’s homeless population this winter, is facing hurdles in order to open.

At a State Properties Committee meeting on Dec. 6, Housing Secretary Josh Saal presented his plan, but admitted to not yet identifying an agency that serves the homeless or other vendor to operate the warming center. Plans to use the armory as a warming center were announced on Nov. 30, which was the same day the state sent letters of intent to a “wide network” of “consolidated homeless fund vendors” to help provide wraparound services for the site.

Nearly 30 housing and homelessness organizations, such as House of Hope and the Housing Network of R.I., were sent this letter of intent, but Governor Dan McKee’s spokesman Matthew Sheaff said it was a “wide network” of providers. Read more.

Nov. 30, 2022

R.I. plans to open 24/7 warming station for homeless people in Cranston Street Armory

PROVIDENCE — Governor Dan McKee’s administration is moving forward on a plan to open a temporary, 24-hour warming station inside the Cranston Street Armory, the Globe has learned.

This warming station will be open to individuals experiencing homelessness, which means they are living in a place not meant for habitation such as on the street, in a car, or in an abandoned building, according to governor’s spokesman Matthew Sheaff.

“The vision for this project is to serve as a temporary, low-barrier option that will immediately provide a safe indoor space for some of the most vulnerable people in this population, regardless of shelter or housing availability on any given night,” wrote Sheaff in an email.

The state expects to begin operating it as soon as possible, said Sheaff, and keep it open through April 15. Read more.

Nov. 23, 2022

Days after homeless people and advocates rallied outside governor’s office, R.I. will fund a portion of the shelter beds requested

PROVIDENCE — Just two days after dozens of homeless Rhode Islanders rallied outside the governor’s office, demanding more shelter beds be made available, Governor Dan McKee’s administration announced Nov. 23 that it would fund a fraction of their request.

McKee’s office said $1.4 million has been administered to fund 77 new emergency shelter beds, bringing the total number of new shelter beds funded this year to 351. With these additions, the state’s housing department expects the statewide shelter capacity to include more than 1,000 operational beds.

The governor said in a statement that expanding shelter capacity will “help ensure we have the resources to support families and individuals who are experiencing homelessness.” Read more.

Homeless rally at Rhode Island State House on Monday, Nov. 21, 2022Alexa Gagosz

Nov. 21, 2022

Homeless Rhode Islanders and advocates rally outside Gov. McKee’s office, calling for more shelter space

PROVIDENCE — On Nov. 21 Ruth “Diamond” Madsen joined dozens of advocates and homeless individuals at a rally where they marched to Governor Dan McKee’s closed office door, pleading with him and state Housing Secretary Josh Saal to add at least 500 additional shelter beds this winter.

In front of TV station cameras and other members of the press, Madsen turned to face the crowd and asked if anyone there “chose to be homeless.” Echoing through the hallway, they responded with “no” chants.

Nearly two dozen homeless individuals have been sleeping outside the State House’s plaza for weeks. Read more.

Oct. 3, 2022

Homelessness in R.I. could reach an all-time high this winter, advocates say

PROVIDENCE — Holding hand-written signs that read, “Housing is a human right,” and “End homelessness now,” about 50 advocates for the homeless marched to Governor Dan McKee’s office on Oct. 3, demanding the state declare a state of emergency over the inadequate number of shelter beds available this winter. Advocates and outreach workers say they are expecting more people will be forced to live outside this winter than at any other point in decades.

“I’ve been tracking this data since 1990. We’ve never had this many people outside as winter is approaching,” said Eric Hirsch, a Providence College sociology professor and co-chair of the state’s Homeless Management Information System Steering Committee.

Approximately 1,260 people — including children — were waiting for shelter in Rhode Island, according to data by the Rhode Island Coalition to End Homelessness as of Sept. 24. That’s an increase of 70 people compared to the week prior. Read more.

About 50 homeless advocates marched to the governor’s office in Providence, Rhode Island on Oct. 3, demanding the state declare a state of emergency for the inadequate number of shelter beds available this winter.Alexa Gagosz

Sept. 30, 2022

R.I. to spend $3.5m on additional shelter beds before winter

PROVIDENCE — As winter approaches, Rhode Island is distributing $3.5 million to six local organizations to create additional shelter space to help homeless people, the state housing department announced Sept. 30.

The funding will allow organizations to create 231 new beds in addition to the 64 beds that were funded through the Consolidated Homeless Fund earlier this summer, according to the governor’s office.

The $3.5 million is the first round of awards made after the housing department asked nonprofits to submit fully planned projects to add shelter space. Chris Raia, a spokesman with the housing department, said additional awards related to shelter expansion will be announced “in the coming weeks.” Read more.

Sept. 30, 2022

Could an Olmstead plan solve part of R.I.’s homeless problem?

PROVIDENCE — Housing and mental health advocates are pushing Governor Dan J. McKee to create a state Olmstead plan, which could help fund housing solutions for homeless Rhode Islanders who are living with disabilities or struggling with addiction, their mental health, and other issues.

Rhode Island is one of seven states — and the only one in New England — that does not have any plan in place to protect this vulnerable population. An Olmstead plan coordinates and funds supervised, affordable, and supportive housing options for people who live independently with SSI/SSDI benefits and housing vouchers, educational and employment supports, transportation, home modification, criminal justice reform, community and home-based services, an various treatment options, among other supports.

Roughly 63 percent of Rhode Island’s homeless population are people with disabilities, according to 2020 data from the R.I. Homeless Management Information System. Read more.

An outreach worker speaks to a homeless person living outside in January 2022. CRAIG F. WALKER/GLOBE STAFFCraig F. Walker/Globe Staff

Aug. 15, 2022

Providence mayoral candidate Cuervo calls for public housing developer and rent stabilization

PROVIDENCE — Providence mayoral candidate Gonzalo Cuervo on Aug. 15 called for creating a municipal developer program to build new affordable housing in the city, and he called for capping rent increases at 4 percent annually for apartments that are 15 years or older.

Cuervo said he worked to develop a series of housing policy proposals with Reclaim Rhode Island, a progressive group founded by volunteers for Senator Bernie Sanders’ presidential campaign in Rhode Island. His housing plan includes a public developer, a rent stabilization program, a mandatory eviction diversion program, and proposed land use changes.

Cuervo is running in a Democratic primary against former state administration director Brett Smiley and Providence City Council member Nirva LaFortune, and no Republican candidates are in the race. Read more.

Aug. 11, 2022

McKee signs legislation dedicating $250m to affordable housing for low-income R.I. residents

WARWICK — Governor Dan McKee signed a long-sought bill that dedicates $250 million toward affordable housing for the state’s low-income residents.

“This historic investment will not only create and preserve thousands of units of housing, but it will also transform blighted properties, strengthen communities, and create good-paying construction jobs in the process,” McKee said on Aug. 11 , accompanied by housing advocates, politicians, and US Senator Jack Reed.

As a cosponsor to the LIFELINE Act, Reed helped make $350 billion in flexible funding available under the American Rescue Plan Act’s State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds to be used for the development, repair, and operation of affordable housing units.

McKee said housing remained a priority. Of the $250 million, he said his administration will work to create new housing across all income levels, stabilize households that are at risk of involuntary displacement or homelessness, and improve the quality and safety of the existing housing stock. Read more.

Aug. 4, 2022

Providence mayoral candidates focus on drug addiction recovery, lack of city housing

PROVIDENCE — With just over a month until the primary, city residents filled the Jim Gillen Teen Center on Aug. 4 as three candidates looking to succeed outgoing Jorge O. Elorza as mayor made their case on statewide issues.

There was little disagreement on the major issues among the candidates, who are all Democrats. Each agreed housing is a human right and that additional housing construction is necessary in the city.

Gonzalo Cuervo said he knew the city was never going to be “flush with cash,” but that Providence has many tools at its disposal to help with housing. While Nirva LaFortune and Brett Smiley both said they would continue using multi-year Tax Stabilization Agreements — often called TSAs — which usually involve low property tax payments up front and gradually increase until the deal ends — for the construction of housing. Read more.

Democratic candidates for Providence mayor, Gonzalo Cuervo, left, Nirva LaFortune, and Brett Smiley, focused on drug addiction recovery services and the lack of city housing during a forum at the Jim Gillen Teen Center Thursday night. ALEXA GAGOSZAlexa Gagosz

July 28, 2022

Housing has become less affordable in much of New England, new report finds

PROVIDENCE — A person earning minimum wage in Rhode Island would have to work at least 79 hours each week in order to afford a modest, two-bedroom apartment at fair market rent, according to a new national report.

The Out of Reach report by the National Low Income Housing Coalition also found that Rhode Islanders need to earn a minimum of $24.32 per hour to afford an average two-bedroom apartment at fair market rate in 2022.

The fair market rent for a two-bedroom apartment in Rhode Island is $1,264. To be considered affordable, rent plus utilities should cost no more than 30 percent of a household’s income. Therefore, a household would have to earn $4,215 monthly and $50,579 annually on average, according to the report. Rents are more expensive in certain parts of the state, such as the Newport-Middleton-Portsmouth area, and could require a higher income. Read more.

July 22, 2022

5,000 mobile showers: A milestone R.I. housing advocates would like to see reach zero

PROVIDENCE — It wasn’t a celebration. There was no cake, one speaker noted, no candles or confetti.

On Friday, House of Hope CDC, an organization that serves people who are homeless in Rhode Island, recognized the more than 5,000 free showers and more than 1,000 free haircuts provided at its Shower to Empower mobile unit since its April 2018 launch.

But the real long-term goal is to not have to do this anymore — the goal is to get people housing, so they don’t need to come out to the Dexter Training Ground for things as simple and humane as personal grooming. Read more.

May 27, 2022

Brown and McKee spar over homelessness, Human Services jobs

PROVIDENCE — Progressive challenger Matt Brown sharply criticized Governor Daniel J. McKee during a gubernatorial candidate forum May 27, blasting the McKee administration’s efforts to shelter the homeless and its plan to fill 48 vacant state jobs by contracting with a firm blamed for a massive computer debacle.

McKee, a Democrat, responded by accusing Brown of “grandstanding” on the homelessness issue, and defended the hundreds of millions of dollars he said his administration has budgeted for affordable housing and winter shelter programs.

The Rhode Island Interfaith Coalition to Reduce Poverty hosted the forum titled, “Raising Rhode Islanders Out of Poverty,” at the Jewish Alliance of Greater Rhode Island. Read more.

May 13, 2022

Senate bill would create state Department of Housing

PROVIDENCE — A state Senate bill introduced on May 13 would create a state Department of Housing, tapping $300 million in federal funds to buy and build homes in response to Rhode Island’s housing crisis.

Senator Meghan E. Kallman, a Pawtucket Democrat, introduced the Create Homes Act, saying no other state has taken this action to address to acute shortages of affordable housing.

Rhode Island has an array of housing organizations that are doing excellent work, such as Rhode Island Housing, HousingWorks RI at Roger Williams University, and local organizations such as the Pawtucket Central Falls Development, she said.

But Kallman, who is vice chair of the Senate Housing and Municipal Government Committee, said there is clearly a need to have put more “muscle” behind a single entity that could create more housing throughout the state. Read more.

Protesters gathered outside the office of Rhode Island Governor Daniel J. McKee to demand more help for people without homes who are being forced to leave winter shelter and hotel beds. BARRY CHIN/GLOBE STAFFBarry Chin/Globe Staff

May 12, 2022

Protesters call for McKee to do more for homeless people

PROVIDENCE — Luz Arroyo choked back tears as she stood outside Governor Daniel J. McKee’s office on May 12, talking about how she was evicted from her apartment in Pawtucket after her husband died and now sleeps in a car. “I don’t have anywhere to go,” she said.

She called for state government to “help not only me but other people that are homeless,” saying, “I know how these people are suffering out here, just like I am suffering.”

Arroyo was one of about 25 protesters who came to State House demanding that McKee do more to help homeless people who are being forced to leave winter shelters and hotel beds.

McKee’s proposed budget includes a $250 million investment in housing, press secretary Alana O’Hare said in a statement Thursday. His proposal includes $21.5 million to assist those experiencing homelessness or housing instability, $5 million to increase shelter capacity, and $90 million to create and preserve housing units for households that earn up to 80 percent of the area median income, O’Hare said. Read more.

Protesters gathered outside Rhode Island Governor Daniel J. McKee's office on Thursday to demand more help for homeless people who are being forced to leave winter shelter and hotel beds. BARRY CHIN/GLOBE STAFFBarry Chin/Globe Staff

May 3, 2022

Housing remains top issue in R.I. among families of color, says national report

PROVIDENCE — More than 10 percent of Rhode Island babies are living in “crowded housing,” which is when homes have “numerous people who live in close quarters,” according to a new report on the well-being of babies in the US, which published May 3.

According to “The State of Babies Yearbook: 2022,” which is part of the Zero to Three’s Think Babies, there are greater crowded housing disparities among families of color. In Rhode Island, which still ranked high in the report among the rest of the US for how the state was supporting babies and families, reported that about 32 percent of Asian babies and 34 percent of Black babies live in crowded housing and about 15 percent of babies in all low-income families live in crowded housing.

Most families of color in Rhode Island live in crowded housing at higher rates compared to the national average, Patricia Cole, Zero to Three’s senior director of federal policy. Housing for Rhode Island’s babies and toddlers, she explained, is one of the biggest issues. Read more.

April 26, 2022

Housing advocates demand Governor McKee extend emergency shelter beds

PROVIDENCE — Housing advocates lined the hall outside Governor Daniel J. McKee’s office at the State House April 26, demanding that he provide temporary emergency shelter to those who will soon be forced to leave winter shelter beds.

Activists, who were shouting “Housing is a human right” outside the governor’s closed office door, were largely organized by the RIHAP, Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere (HOPE), and Direct Action for Rights and Equality (DARE).

Rhode Island set aside funding in December to establish more than 500 hotel and emergency shelter beds due to the COVID-19 crisis. The people who have occupied those beds for months are being phased out, which will force many to sleep outside this summer, advocates said.

The protestors asked the state to immediately order temporary emergency shelter with 500 beds and find sites for them, including the House of Hope’s ECHO Village. They also demanded a well-planned funding path for these constituents to be placed in permanent supportive housing or deeply subsidized housing. Read more.

Somali DaSilva, center, joined protesters outside Governor Daniel J. McKee’s office at the State House in Providence. CRAIG F. WALKER/GLOBE STAFFCraig F. Walker/Globe Staff

April 22, 2022

Affordable housing developers to renovate South Providence’s run down ‘Clown Town’

PROVIDENCE — For many in the South Providence neighborhood once nicknamed “Clown Town” by outsiders because of the brightly painted exteriors, the revitalization of this now blighted section has been a long time coming.

On April 25, Rhode Island Housing, Omni Development, and Wingate Capital Associates will begin to redevelop the abandoned, fenced off complex into 79 affordable housing units with four townhouses for sale.

Construction will take 18 to 24 months, but once its complete there will be on-site property management, resident services, a computer lab, on-site laundry facilities and parking, and each unit will be energy efficient.

Families with incomes ranging from 30 percent to 80 percent of the area median income will be able to afford to live in 54 of the units at 16 Somerset St. and 25 of the units at 15 Somerset St. That means only 30 percent of their income will go toward rent. For a four-person household, the maximum annual income would be $69,600, according to the US Office of Housing and Urban Development, also known as HUD. Read more.

Renderings for the Joseph Caffey Apartments and Jordan Caffey Townhomes project that includes the redevelopment of the former Barbara Jordan II development in the Upper South Providence Neighborhood.DBVW Architects

April 21, 2022

More than half of Rhode Island’s lowest-income renters are at risk of homelessness

More than half of Rhode Island’s lowest-income renters are severely cost-burdened, spending more than half of their income on housing alone, and are at risk of homelessness, according to a newly released report.

On April 21, the National Low Income Housing Coalition released its annual “The Gap” report, which looks at the shortage of affordable homes across the country.

Rhode Island has just 51 affordable and available rental homes for every 100 extremely low-income (also known as ELI) households, who are those with incomes at or below the poverty level or 30 percent of the area median income (AMI).

Most of Rhode Island’s housing stock pre-dates 1980, and advocates said that the “decades of underinvestment in housing development” is forcing the lowest-income renters to rent homes that are more expensive than they can afford. Read more.

April 20, 2022

Makeshift homeless shelter Operation Hunker Down is shutting down

PROVIDENCE — After more than 100 days of operating as a makeshift emergency homeless shelter in the shuttered American Lithuanian Citizens Beneficial Club building on Smith Street, the organizers behind “Operation Hunker Down” have shut it down.

On April 19, Providence Fire Captain Derek Silva made a surprise visit to the building to ensure it was up to code and occupancy levels were being enforced. He found fire logs hadn’t been filled out by volunteers over the weekend, David Gerard O’Connor, who operated the shelter, told the Globe.

Operation Hunker Down opened in January when O’Connor, a 2014 Providence College graduate who lives nearby, invited five people experiencing homelessness to sleep on mattresses in the old building on a freezing night. Less than a month later, 35 to 45 people were staying there.

Since opening the shelter, O’Connor said it has served more than 100 people experiencing homelessness. He said more than 40 have gone into detox and other programs. Read more.

David O'Connor gave pizza to the residents of Operation Hunker Down. SUZANNE KREITER/GLOBE STAFFSuzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

April 15, 2022

How much did rents go up in Rhode Island?

Rhode Island renters are paying an average of 11.2 percent more per month in rent — and as much as 126 percent more in some areas — than they did a decade ago, according to recent census data.

Rents in Rhode Island rank No. 23 highest in the US, according to the data released earlier this year, with a median renter paying $1,031 per month, up from $927 in 2010. In West Greenwich, monthly rents rose to $2,200 per month, up from $928 per month just a decade earlier.

Median rents in Rhode Island are lower than those in Massachusetts (nearly $1,336), Connecticut ($1,201), and New Hampshire ($1,145). Read more.

An apartment building in Central Falls, Rhode Island.DAVID GOLDMAN/ASSOCIATED PRESSDavid Goldman/Associated Press

April 11, 2022

How much did housing costs go up in Rhode Island?

Newly released census data shows that Rhode Island ranked No. 15 in the country for highest housing values among US states, and costs are only rising.

Rhode Island had a median home value of nearly $277,000 in 2020, according to data collected for the American Community Survey 5-year estimates. Among New England states, it falls behind the median home value of nearly $400,000 in Massachusetts and just shy of $279,000 in Connecticut.

The survey tracked data from a time period between 2016 and 2020, which was before the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on an already booming residential real-estate market.

The survey did not offer a breakdown of unit size, yet Rhode Island had only 1.9 percent more housing units in 2020 than it did a decade ago, but the population grew by 4.3 percent during that same time. Read more.

March 30, 2022

Operation Hunker Down shelter ordered to reduce capacity, more than 20 people to be displaced

PROVIDENCE — More than 20 people could be back on the street after the state’s fire board ordered Operation Hunker Down, a makeshift emergency homeless shelter in the Smith Hill section of Providence, to lower its capacity to 16 people.

David Gerard O’Connor opened Operation Hunker Down in the shuttered American Lithuanian Citizens Beneficial Club building on Smith Street in January, inviting five homeless people to sleep on mattresses in the old building on a night when temperatures dipped below zero.

But after providing shelter, outreach, food, and other support services for nearly three months, the state fire board told the shelter on March 29 that they had 72 hours to dwindle its capacity down to 16 people. There were more than 40 people staying there as of March 29.

Local zoning laws require shelters to have a maximum capacity of 16 residents, the Rhode Island Fire Safety Code Board of Appeals and Review told the Globe. The fire board also heard testimony from the Providence Fire Department and the Office of the State Fire Marshal regarding unsafe conditions at the shelter, according to the board’s statement to the Globe. Read more.

Michael Smith, 65, rests on his army cot in the hall of the former American Lithuanian Club. He is a homeless, disabled veteran. SUZANNE KREITER/GLOBE STAFFSuzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

March 30, 2022

Life in a Motel 6 brings hope to homeless people. Until the money runs out.

WARWICK, R.I. — When Heather Geraghty-Wright is going through a tough time, she looks at a tattoo on her right shin, where “Love Mommy” is written in her mother’s handwriting. Sitting on the half-made bed in her motel room, she caresses the tattoo with her electric blue-painted nails as the ashes from her lit cigarette tumble down her leg.

At 49, she’s dealt with more than a few hard times: Her mom’s boyfriend started molesting her when she was 2 and continued until she was 13. She started experimenting with crack and meth at a young age, and got pregnant twice by the time she was 21. She dropped out of school in the seventh grade, and was sent to prison for 34 months for her first drug possession charge. There, she earned her GED and took classes in building mechanics. But when she got out, she found herself in a series of abusive situations.

Right now, she stays at this Motel 6 thanks to a grassroots effort led by Help the Homeless R.I. She and about a dozen others were living in nearby tent encampments. The small nonprofit pays for the rooms using a mix of donations, city, and other funds. But she’s facing another hardship: Funding is running out. Read more.

Heather Geraghty-Wright, 49, waits for a new key at the front desk of the Motel 6, where she is currently staying. She is is originally from Providence, but grew up moving around all over the state. Suzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

March 23, 2022

More than 90 percent of R.I. domestic violence victims couldn’t access housing, emergency shelter

PROVIDENCE — In a single day last fall, approximately 61 victims of domestic violence requested supportive services in Rhode Island, from housing to transportation, that assistance programs could not provide because of a lack of resources. But 93 percent of these unmet services were for housing and emergency shelter in particular. This is compared to a single day in 2020, where 58 percent of those unmet needs among victims were for housing or emergency shelter.

“The housing crisis is really impacting domestic violence victims. There’s just less affordable housing, so victims are staying in shelter much longer than they ever had to,” said Lucy Rios, the interim executive director Rhode Island Coalition Against Domestic Violence, in a phone interview with the Globe. Read more.

March 22, 2022

R.I. receives $10m from HUD for emergency shelters, rapid rehousing

PROVIDENCE — Rhode Island will receive more than $10.4 million to help local providers and community partners deliver affordable housing and supportive services to those experiencing homelessness.

The federal funding, administered by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development through its Continuum of Care grants, will support 37 local homeless housing and service programs across the state. The funds will help both individuals and families, said U.S. Senator Jack Reed, a Rhode Island Democrat, on Tuesday. Read more.

March 17, 2022

Despite unprecedented federal dollars, housing advocates say R.I. still isn’t designating enough funds to build, preserve units

PROVIDENCE — Rhode Island needs more than 20,000 homes that low-income renters could afford, despite an unprecedented amount of cash available to help the state develop new units. The state has more than $1.1 billion in American Rescue Plan Act funds from Congress and a huge state surplus, yet housing advocates say that not enough of that money is being dedicated toward housing.

Governor Dan McKee proposed a $250 million investment in housing and homelessness assistance using the recovery funds in his FY2023 budget this year. It’s the biggest chunk allocated from the ARPA funds, but only $90 million of that money will go toward “creating and preserving” about 1,500 units for households earning up to 80 percent of the area median income (which is about $69,200 for a four-person household).

But the actual investment was still only about half of what advocates asked the McKee administration to allocate toward the problem.

“We have a lot of need,” Melina Lodge, the executive director of the Housing Network of Rhode Island, said on a call Wednesday night. “And the challenge when getting a once-in-a-lifetime investment is wondering: When will Rhode Island ever get this type of money from the federal government ever again? I don’t envy the government that has to make the decisions. Read more.

March 10, 2022

‘Redlining never really went away’: Black Rhode Islanders still face racism when buying a home

PROVIDENCE — Disparities in home ownership between Black people and people of all other races persist. In the US, more white, Asian, and Hispanic Americans have owned homes than Black Americans, according to a newly published report from researchers at Brown University called “The State of Black Rhode Island Homeownership.”

And the disparity is especially bad in Rhode Island. Overall home ownership in the Ocean State is about the same as in the US overall: 64 percent of all Americans owned a home in 2019, and 62 percent of all Rhode Islanders did.

The disparity becomes clear when the data is broken down by race. In the US, 73 percent of white Americans owned a home in 2019, compared to 42 percent of Black Americans. But in Rhode Island, 62 percent of all residents owned a home in 2019, compared to just 34 percent of Black Rhode Islanders, according to Dr. Akilah Dulin, a behavioral and social sciences professor and lead researcher on the report, which was paid for by the United Way of Rhode Island. Read more.

March 10, 2022

R.I. House unveils 11 bills to address housing crisis

House Speaker K. Joseph Shekarchi and Representative June S. Speakman on March 10 unveiled a package of 11 bills to address Rhode Island’s house crisis.

The bills aim to streamline development, provide more complete and timely information about housing, and help cities and towns meet affordable housing goals.

“We need all types of housing,” Shekarchi, a Warwick Democrat, said during a State House news conference. “We need mixed-use housing, single-family housing, multi-family housing, low- and moderate-income housing, public housing, affordable housing. We need more of a supply. We must end or eliminate the barriers to creation. This package which we have introduced makes a significant step in that direction.” Read more.

David O'Connor gives pizza to the residents of Operation Hunker Down. He decided to open up his own homeless shelter in the shuttered American Lithuanian Club, setting up mattresses in the large hall on the second floor of the brick building on Smith Street in Providence.Suzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

Feb. 15, 2022

As R.I.’s housing crisis becomes critical, private citizens are addressing it on their own

PROVIDENCE — David Gerard O’Connor had planned to turn the shuttered American Lithuanian Citizens Beneficial Club building on Smith Street into a community center, hosting events and welcoming back regulars. Instead, on a cold night in January, he opened the old building to five homeless people who had nowhere else to turn, letting them sleep on mattresses he’d placed on the function hall’s floor.

He dubbed the makeshift shelter Operation Hunker Down. Now, less than a month later, 35 to 45 people sleep there on any given night.

“I’ve seen a lot of these people around the neighborhood,” said O’Connor, a 2014 Providence College graduate. “No matter their circumstance, they are still human. They deserve a warm place to sleep at night.” Read more.

Robert "Birdie" Mills, 56 and originally from Woonsocket, sleeps in a section of the makeshift emergency shelter at Operation Hunker Down that hardly has any insulation. Suzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

Feb. 15, 2022

At Operation Hunker Down, life in a makeshift shelter brings hope and heartache

PROVIDENCE — “It was Jan. 11. I looked at the screen on my computer after teaching a class and saw that it was going to be 10 degrees outside,” said David Gerard O’Connor. He knew that people were sleeping outside, and mostly in encampments that were getting dismantled by the city and police. “I looked around and realized that I needed to do something.”

Volunteers keep Operation Hunker Down running, and they have faced hurdle after hurdle: None of them are paid, the shelter does not receive funding from the city or the state, at least one of them needs to be on premises at all times, and there are fewer than five people who volunteer consistently. Some of them are close to homelessness themselves.

Here are some of their stories. Read more.

Christina Cruz, 32 and her boyfriend, Jason (Jay) Goddard, 35, rest on their mattress at Operation Hunker Down in Providence. He works as a carpenter and he takes care of his girlfriend of 5 years. She is on disability and they both have substance abuse disorder. Suzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

Jan. 20, 2022

During a crisis, zoning laws are hindering construction of affordable housing units

PAWTUCKET, R.I. — This week, three young families finally moved into a renovated multi-family home trading years of housing insecurity for stability after aging out of the foster care system.

But every time Lisa Guillette walks into the building, just blocks away from the old McCoy stadium, she says she feels a little heartbroken over what could have been on the top floor. Read more.

Jan. 25, 2022

New report says RI’s property tax system is out of balance, hindering affordable housing construction, economic development

PROVIDENCE — Property taxes are the largest source of local revenue in Rhode Island, but yet, are causing imbalances in municipal services, like the construction of affordable housing, K-12 education, and economic development, according to a newly released report by the Rhode Island Public Expenditure Council (RIPEC).

The report, “A System Out of Balance: Property Taxation Across Rhode Island,” which was released Jan. 25, found there’s a striking difference among tax burdens of resident homeowners, nonresident homeowners, and businesses. Read more.

Jan. 23, 2022

R.I. nonprofits awarded $2m in federal funding to help the homeless

PROVIDENCE, R.I. — U.S. Senator Jack Reed announced that $2 million in federal funding is available to help Rhode Island charitable organizations assist people experiencing homelessness this winter.

Reed, a Rhode Island Democrat, made the announcement about the new Emergency Food and Shelter Program funding with the United Way of Rhode Island on Friday.

The money can be used to supplement food and shelter programs run by local nonprofits and social service organizations.

About $1.25 million will be used in Providence County and the rest will be distributed across the state. Read more.

Jan. 10, 2022

R.I. launches $50 million homeowner assistance fund

PROVIDENCE — For Rhode Island-based homeowners struggling to make their mortgage payments, a new government assistance program may be able to help.

The governor’s office and Rhode Island delegation Jan. 10 announced a new $50 million program that will help provide financial assistance to eligible Rhode Island homeowners who have struggled to pay their mortgage payments or other housing-related expenses due to the pandemic.

The program, Homeowner Assistance Fund Rhode Island (HAF-RI), is designed to prevent mortgage delinquencies and defaults, foreclosures, loss of utilities or home energy services, and displacement of homeowners that have experienced financial hardships. Read more.

Dec. 8, 2021

Crossroads R.I. receives nearly $500k to begin homelessness intervention

PROVIDENCE — The mayor and nonprofit stakeholders on Dec. 8 announced a citywide initiative to address homelessness and substance misuse for Providence’s most vulnerable residents, which will use $495,000 of the city’s American Rescue Plan dollars.

Mayor Jorge O. Elorza, members of the city council, the Rhode Island Foundation, the Providence Foundation, and Crossroads Rhode Island will collaborate on a new mobile diversion program for Providence residents experiencing unsheltered homelessness. Through the new program, Crossroads will assist individuals living in places not meant for human habitation to either regain permanent housing or enter a shelter or transitional housing program.

Assistance will range from financial support for costs related to securing housing to referrals for mental and behavioral health supports. Read more.

Dec. 7, 2021

Senator Mendes and others have slept in tents outside the R.I. State House for a week

Senator Cynthia Mendes, who is running for lieutenant governor of Rhode Island, alongside former secretary of state Matt Brown, who is running for governor, and a group activists pitched tents a week ago on the Smith Street side of the State House, sleeping outside to call attention to the plight of hundreds of unhoused Rhode Islanders.

And they want Governor Dan McKee and state leaders to take action.

“You feel vulnerable sleeping outside. While you’re unconscious, somebody can harm you, somebody could reach you, get to you, and it’s a tremendously vulnerable feeling that is really hard to describe unless you’ve experienced it yourself,” Mendes said.

In October, more than 570 Rhode Islanders slept in their cars or outside, and 156 were in households with children, which do not include situations of people fleeing domestic violence situations. Read more.

Rhode Island state Senator Cynthia Mendes, woke up from her sixth straight night of sleeping in a tent at the Rhode Island Statehouse. She and a group of people are sleeping in tents to call attention to the increasing number of unsheltered residents in Rhode Island.Suzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

Dec. 16, 2021

Small homes could make a big difference amid R.I. housing crisis

PROVIDENCE — In a pilot project, ONE Neighborhood Builders has completed five 750-square-foot ‘net-zero energy’ homes topped by solar panels in Olneyville.

The homes are topped by solar panels and were built in a South-facing arc to maximize solar production. Airtight and well insulated, the structures meet the “net-zero energy” standard, meaning they produce as much energy as they consume.

The two-bedroom, 1.5-bathroom homes are being occupied by income-qualified buyers, with starting price of about $140,000. For example, two of the homes are reserved for families earning 80 percent of the area median income, meaning $52,400 for a family of two and $65,500 for a family of four. And they’re deed restricted, meaning they must be sold to other income-qualified buyers.

Sheridan Small Homes is a pilot project that aims to demonstrate “that it is economically feasible to build affordable housing to high sustainability standards and that people want to live in smaller homes,” ONE Neighborhood Builders said in a written case study of the project. Read more.

Jhanev Allen Butler lives in one of the new small homes that have been built in Providence's Olneyville neighborhood as part of a pilot project meant to show the long-term viability of "net-zero energy" affordable housing.Jonathan Wiggs/Globe Staff

Dec. 1, 2021

R.I. approves nearly $31m for affordable housing, creating and preserving more than 600 units

The McKee administration’s Housing Resources Commission has approved nearly $31 million in funds for 23 affordable housing projects in Rhode Island. These funds will be used to produce and preserve more than 600 units of affordable housing in 13 cities and towns in the state, after it garnered approval from the state’s Housing Resources Commission.

This $31 million in funding is the largest round of awards made through the Building Homes Rhode Island (BHRI) program since the program’s inception in 2006, according to the governor’s office.

Christine Hunsinger, the chief strategy and innovation officer at Rhode Island Housing, said construction on some of the projects is already underway where additional funds were necessary to help pay for the rising costs of materials. Other projects won’t begin until sometime in 2022. Read more.

Nov. 30, 2021

Nearly 30 percent of renters in Rhode Island can’t keep up with their rent

PROVIDENCE — About 28 percent of renters in the Ocean State reported they could not keep up with their rent from Sept. 15 to Oct. 22, according to newly released data by Rhode Island Kids Count, slightly more than the one in every five renters in the US who reported that they could not pay their monthly rent during the peak of the pandemic.

And if a family is pushed out of their home or gets evicted, shelter is not always guaranteed in Rhode Island. Shelters are at capacity, and in Rhode Island people do not automatically have a right to it. As of Nov. 16, 1,013 Rhode Islanders were seeking shelter, and 45 percent of them were in families with children and 26 percent were children under the age of 18. Read more.

The homeless encampment on Fuller Street has been partially bulldozed leaving only one couple left living in their tent as of Thursday afternoon. Bruce Peabody who lived in the encampment walks through for one last time. He has been homeless since 2016 and will now be set up in a motel.John Tlumacki/Globe Staff

Nov. 29, 2021

Schools receive grants to support homeless students in Rhode Island

Eight school districts in Rhode Island will receive federal funds to support homeless students.

Governor Dan McKee and Education Commissioner Angélica Infante-Green announced that more than $336,000 in McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) sub-grants have been distributed to the public school districts in Central Falls, Middletown, Newport, North Kingstown, Providence, Warwick, West Warwick, and Woonsocket.

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is the centerpiece of federal legislation related to the education of children who are unhoused in the US. It was reauthorized by Title IX in December 2015. Read more.

Nov. 24, 2021

After fighting addiction, abuse and homelessness, three women and their children find hope – and a home

Stephanie Lafleur, 37, put herself through treatment centers and social services programs, and slept in homeless shelters. When her time at one long-term treatment program was coming to an end, though, she and her son needed a place to go or else they’d end back up on the streets. She was connected to House of Hope, a non-profit, community development corporation, and moved into her own apartment at Rockville Mill last November.

The building was previously vacant and in receivership until Marathon Construction purchased and rehabbed it for housing. Marathon, a Boston-based developer identified House of Hope as a service provider and brought them into the project. Lafleur was one of the first residents to move in about a year ago, with her son, who will be 4 in March. And she’s now nearly three years clean.

The building that Lafleur and her son are living in has 12 other units filled with families who had previously been couch surfing or living in cars, shelters, or on the streets. The House of Hope program comes with wrap-around services to help the families become stable mentally and physically, offering help with transportation and support for children in school. Read more.

Stephanie Lafleur playing basketball with her son, Devin LaFleur, 3, in their apartmentMatthew J Lee/Globe staff

Nov. 22, 2021

From her view as lieutenant governor, housing policy changes are needed country-wide

PROVIDENCE — When Sabina Matos transitioned from president of the Providence City Council to lieutenant governor in early April, she promised to prioritize affordable housing.

She told the Globe at the time that while Providence had an abundance of high-end and luxury apartments, it was becoming harder for teachers, police officers, and other working class residents to stay in the capital city. Since visiting all 39 cities and towns in Rhode Island, she said it’s an issue across the state, not just in Providence.

Matos is advocating for changes on the federal level so that “unhoused” people under a wider variety of circumstances can receive government assistance, not just those who fall under HUD’s current definition of “homelessness.”

“I’m using every opportunity I have to contact any representative from any state so I can talk about this and why we need to advocate together for changes,” she said.

At the end of the month, Matos will attend the Conference of Lieutenant Governors and plans to address the issue with her colleagues. Read more.

Nov. 18, 2021

‘Locked out’: Poor Rhode Islanders face unnecessary barriers to subsidized housing, study says

PROVIDENCE — People trying to get federally subsidized housing in Rhode Island face rules around criminal records, alcohol use, tenant histories, and credit that go well beyond the guidelines laid out in federal law.

That’s according to a study by Boston University School of Social Work doctoral candidate Megan Smith and associate professor Thomas Byrne, published earlier this year in the journal Housing Policy Debate and titled “Locked Out: The Systematic Exclusion of Poor Renters From Federally Subsidized Housing.”

Smith and Byrne’s team looked at 293 federally subsidized housing providers in Rhode Island. They include project-based rental assistance developments, which are private developments that receive federal subsidies, and public housing authorities.

Only 25 percent of people eligible for subsidized housing actually get it, according to a 2017 study they cite. That’s bound up in problems with housing supply, but these restrictions don’t help. Read more.

Nov. 11, 2021

Advocate: R.I. leaders are sitting on federal funds as homelessness crisis intensifies

PROVIDENCE — Governor Daniel J. McKee and General Assembly leaders are sitting on millions in federal funds and displaying none of urgency required as the state’s homelessness crisis worsens and winter approaches, an advocate said on the Rhode Island Report podcast.

Professor Eric Hirsch, a Providence College urban sociologist who has been advocating for the state’s homeless population since 1990, said he has never seen so many people living outdoors as Rhode Island reels from the pandemic, housing costs skyrocket, and shelter waiting lists grow longer by the day.

Hirsch, who chairs the state’s Homeless Management Information System Steering Committee, called for the governor to declare a state of emergency and to get state department heads involved in finding solutions. Read more.

Nov. 3, 2021

Governor McKee pledges $5m to shelter the homeless this winter

Rhode Island is earmarking $5 million for the creation of 275 additional beds for people dealing with homelessness, Gov. Daniel McKee announced Nov. 3.

Commerce Secretary Stefan Pryor said the spending could go toward investments in existing shelters to provide more “food services and other support services and staffing to carry out the work.”

The money will be distributed by state’s housing offices to organizations already working with people without permanent shelter, such as Crossroads RI. Read more.

Oct. 31, 2021

Providence removes West End encampment days earlier than planned

PROVIDENCE — Days before the Nov. 1 deadline that it had imposed for people to leave, the city removed a West End homeless encampment, heading off a potential confrontation but angering service providers.

The site is partially owned by a company planning to redevelop it, and the Providence Redevelopment Agency. The part owned by the city agency will eventually be part of the development, which will include housing, renovating and repurposing a nearby mill, and parking.

At its peak, around 15 people were living in the encampment, which started sometime in late spring. After the city told people they had to leave in early June, Mayor Jorge Elorza pledged that the city would not remove the encampment until they had short-term and mid-term solutions, and progress toward a long-term solution. Read more.

Days before the Nov. 1 deadline for people living there to leave, the city on Oct. 28 removed a homeless encampment on Providence’s West End, moving tents into storage and erecting new fence around the site.Brian Amaral

Oct. 29. 2021

They aged out of the R.I. foster care system, and are struggling to find stable housing

PROVIDENCE — Youth aging out of the foster care system are especially vulnerable to experiencing homelessness and often forgotten, said Lisa Guillette, the executive director of Foster Forward, a nonprofit that helps empower those who have been impacted by foster care. Their clients are typically between 18 and 26.

About 20,000 youth 18 to 21 across the country age out of foster care annually, which means the state was not able to find an adoptive family or reunify them with their biological family.

The cost of housing, experts say, is why more than 660 people were living outdoors in September in Rhode Island. More than 3,500 children lived in foster families or other non-relative heads of household, according to the 2021 Rhode Island Kids Count Fact Book. Another 700 lived in group homes.

At Foster Forward’s East Providence headquarters, “drop ins” are offered three times a week, where kids can come by, charge their phone, get a hot meal, do laundry, and get support services such as help filling out housing and Section 8 applications. Read more.

Oct. 22, 2021

With winter closing in, R.I. homelessness crisis keeps getting worse

The homelessness crisis in Rhode Island is worse now than it has ever been, service providers say. Demand for services is up, but the supply hasn’t risen fast enough to meet the enormous challenge. At the same time, the state has $1.1 billion in American Rescue Plan Act funds available for use — but no apparent urgency to use it.

Service providers like Sara Melucci, the manager of outreach programs for House of Hope, are frustrated by the pace of progress.

This comes at a time when the state has $1.1 billion in American Rescue Plan Act funding sitting in the bank. Governor Dan McKee has laid out plans for an initial down payment of 10 percent, which would include housing relief. McKee wants the money out the door by the end of the year. That’s more urgency than the General Assembly has shown, but to service providers, it’s not nearly fast enough. Read more.

Oct. 21, 2021

She took her daughter and ran from an abusive relationship. Now they’re homeless

CUMBERLAND, R.I. — Elizabeth finally left the man she spent the last 13 years with one Saturday in June. Despite her dedication, her ex’s controlling behavior got worse.

But because she’s been on Social Security Disability Insurance for the last two years, on a fixed income of $560 each month, she hasn’t had enough to get an apartment or even change the oil in her old Jeep. She gets food stamps to help put dinner on the table, but money is tight.

Elizabeth and her daughter stayed in a hotel through a temporary program paid for by the Rhode Island Coalition to End Homelessness. But that program ended after 20 days, and they had to turn to a friend and double up in his tiny, one-bedroom apartment in Cumberland. She and her daughter live in the bedroom and he sleeps on the couch.

Vanessa Volz, executive director of Sojourner House, said even before the pandemic the organization didn’t have the capacity in its shelters and units.

The situation is similar at the Rhode Island Coalition Against Domestic Violence, or RICADV. According to the Domestic Violence Counts Report for Rhode Island, which is compiled by the National Network to End Domestic Violence, on a single day last September, there were 584 victims served in one day, looking for refuge in emergency shelters, transitional housing, counseling, legal advocacy, and children’s support groups. Read more.

Elizabeth took her daughter one Saturday and left her abusive partner of the last 13 years. She thought she was taking herself and her child out of a dangerous situation, but now she's doubling up with an older male friend, staying in his one-bedroom apartment with her daughter as her friend is sleeping on the couch.SUZANNE KREITER/GLOBE STAFFSuzanne Kreiter/Globe Staff

Oct. 20, 2021

City orders Providence homeless encampment to vacate by Nov. 1

PROVIDENCE — Public safety officials on Oct. 20 delivered a notice to a West End homeless encampment telling them they had to vacate by Nov. 1, sparking criticism from some advocates for homeless people but relief from the councilwoman representing the area.

The notice told people who are there that possessions left on site would be removed and stored for 30 days, and that city services including trash removal and portable toilets would end after Nov. 1. The notice encouraged people to call the Coalition to End Homelessness for assistance and shelter placement. Read more.

Carmen Vargas walks past a mountain of belongings including clothes and tents, as she walks back to he tent that she has lived in for 8 months. She does not know where she will live now, she said. The homeless encampment on Fuller Street in Providence has been partially bulldozed, leaving only one couple left living in their tent as of Oct. 21, 2021. JOHN TLUMACKI/GLOBE STAFFJohn Tlumacki/Globe Staff

Oct. 20, 2021

Advocates help raise money for R.I. family struggling to avoid homelessness after eviction

WARWICK, R.I. — Donna Wood and her four children, including a 15-month old with serious disabilities, were evicted from their home in West Warwick earlier this year and are currently living in a hotel in Warwick. After their struggles were documented in The Boston Globe, advocates are helping Wood get back on her feet.

They helped her set up a GoFundMe account, which has already raised more than $5,000 toward her $25,000 goal, Wood said.

Wood and her children — who are 20, 15, 11, and 1 years old— are sharing a single hotel room, which has been paid for by a program through the Rhode Island Coalition to End Homelessness, but will be forced to leave when the program ends for her on Oct. 31.

Wood is the sole caretaker and provider for her 15-month-old son, Corey, who was diagnosed with infantile spasms, optic nerve hypoplasia, encephalomalacia, and global developmental delays. Read more.

Donna Wood’s 15 month-old son, Corey, looks up as he lays on the bed inside the hotel room where the family is currently staying while she runs across the room to grab her phone so that she can call the Pediatrician. JESSICA RINALDI/GLOBE STAFFJessica Rinaldi/Globe Staff

Oct. 18, 2021

After eviction, a family struggles to avoid homelessness

WARWICK, R.I. — Just two weeks after Donna Wood gave birth to her fourth child, she hoisted herself up into the driver’s seat of her truck, wearing her red and black polo with a Honey Dew logo on it. She peered into the rearview mirror and saw his infant seat, ready for him when he could finally come home.

Her newborn son, Corey, was still in the hospital — an intrauterine stroke and a brain bleed meant he was born with severe disabilities — and Wood was exhausted, with two teenagers and an 11-year-old at home. Still, rent was due, and she had to go back to work immediately. Like always, she did what she had to do.

By late spring 2021, Corey was out of the hospital, but he required around-the-clock care. He had been diagnosed with infantile spasms, optic nerve hypoplasia, encephalomalacia, and global developmental delays. His medical equipment filled their apartment, and he often required trips to the emergency room, which meant Wood had to call out of work. Still, they were getting by — until Wood’s landlord sold the home that Wood and her children had lived in for five years. Read more.

Oct. 7, 2021

McKee unveils plan to use $113m of Rhode Island’s ARPA funds

PROVIDENCE — Governor Dan McKee unveiled plans Oct. 7 to spend 10 percent of Rhode Island’s $1.13 billion in American Rescue Plan by investing in small businesses, child care, and housing. His budget amendment, he said, was a “down payment” on Rhode Island’s economic comeback.

His plan included approximately $32 million to go towards Rhode Island’s small businesses that have been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic.

McKee’s plan invests $15 million to incentivize the development and renovation of affordable housing. It would be targeted at assisting individuals with an income below 80 percent of area median income, according to McKee’s budget. And $12 million would go toward investing in property acquisition grants that would be administered by Rhode Island Housing.

About $1.5 million would invest in housing stability and mental health services for families and individuals experiencing homelessness and $500,000 would go toward temporary contract staffing support for the Office of Housing and Community Development. McKee also proposed that $500,000 to be allocated toward broadband coordination. Read more.

Sept. 23, 2021

Advocates call on R.I. to use $500m of federal dollars on housing

A group of Rhode Island housing organizations are calling on the state to use nearly half of its federal dollars from the American Rescue Plan Act to fix the state’s housing crisis.

In a newly published report, advocates requested the use $500 million of the state’s $1.1 billion ARPA funds to be allocated to affordable housing. The advocates called for $350 million to go toward producing, protecting, and preserving affordable homes statewide; $60 million to go toward housing access and stability statewide; and $90 million to support municipalities and the state in creating and preserving “safe and healthy homes.”

The advocates called for clear results to be produced by 2030, including at least 1,800 new deed-restricted homes for low-income households and to decrease the homeownership rate disparity between BIPOC communities and white communities. Read more.

June 11, 2021

Elorza visits homeless encampment in Providence, pledges compassionate solution

PROVIDENCE — Mayor Jorge Elorza on June 11 visited the encampment on Wilson Street in the city’s west end and pledged to come up with a compassionate solution to a difficult problem.

Police had handed out notices June 9 that told people they had to leave within 48 hours or be subject to civil or criminal penalties. Two days later, though, Elorza rejected the notion that the city would call in the cops or bring in bulldozers.

About 15 people are at the encampment, which has prompted complaints from neighbors — but support from them, too.

Outreach workers say there are no other options in Rhode Island’s temporary or long-term shelter system right now. There are more than 600 people on shelter waiting lists right now. Homelessness has increased in the last year, with more people living outside, in cars and in other places not fit for human habitation. Read more.

June 10, 2021

Providence orders homeless people to leave encampment in the West End

PROVIDENCE — City officials are attempting to oust about 15 people living in tents on a vacant lot in the West End, with police giving them 48 hours to clear out or face civil and criminal prosecution.

Benjamin N. Smith, a spokesman for Providence Mayor Jorge O. Elorza, said, “The current situation at the encampment along Wilson Street is unsafe for the people living there. The city is working with social service providers to offer them safe, stable shelter and additional resources.”

House of Hope executive director Laura Jaworski said busting up encampments is counterproductive, sapping the energy of service providers without doing anything to address the root causes. “It sets us back,” she said. “It’s a short-sighted win.” Read more.

Diumila "Matilda" Almonte stands next to the tent where she has been living on a vacant lot in the West End of Providence. EDWARD FITZPATRICKEdward Fitzpatrick

May 19, 2021

Sojourner House is getting into the housing business in Rhode Island

PROVIDENCE — Finding housing for survivors of abuse was a struggle before the pandemic hit.

There was already so much demand that Sojourner House had stopped keeping a waiting list for the 126 apartments it leases for people who’ve escaped domestic violence, sexual abuse, or trafficking.

Vanessa Volz, executive director of Sojourner House, said the nonprofit got more desperate calls from people seeking help escaping to a safe place — and those who had places to live were struggling to keep them.

The agency has three emergency shelters, with 23 beds, intended to help people in the immediacy of leaving an abusive situation. They can end up staying for months, because there is nowhere else for them to go, Volz said.

Sojourner House is seeking to buy its own properties for long-term homes for victims, by applying for funds in the American Rescue Plan and US Department of Housing and Urban Development. The board of directors recently approved of Sojourner House becoming a full-scale housing agency and developer, and have all of its services integrated. Read more.

Sojourner House executive director Vanessa Volz, left, with Emma, a survivor of domestic violence who connected with the organization for help years ago. JOHN TLUMACKI/GLOBE STAFFJohn Tlumacki/Globe Staff

May 19, 2021

Rhode Island’s housing market is on fire

There are only five ZIP codes (out of 74) in the entire state where it would take two or months months to sell off the inventory of homes available, according to new data from the Rhode Island Association of Realtors. A normal market would be between four and six months of inventory, which means we’re in an extreme seller’s market.

The median sales price for single-family Rhode Island homes in April was at an all-time high of $349,000, and the median price on multi-family homes was $355,000.

If you are house hunting, here’s a look at the five communities with the most homes available — that is, where it might take more than two months to sell the inventory — as of May 10. Read more.

April 29, 2021

‘We have clearly reached a crisis’: House Speaker Shekarchi makes housing his priority

PROVIDENCE — New House Speaker K. Joseph Shekarchi is putting the power of his position behind a new priority: housing.

Shekarchi, a Warwick Democrat, has introduced a package of seven housing bills, and some are starting to become law.

On April 19, Governor Daniel J. McKee signed a bill into law prohibiting landlords from refusing to rent to people with government housing vouchers. Other bills would create a high-level “housing czar” position within state government and allow cities and towns to count “tiny homes” as affordable housing.

In an interview, Shekarchi said housing isn’t just his priority; he said many legislators are focused on this issue because Rhode Island’s housing situation is so dire. Read more.

April 14, 2021

Sabina Matos to focus on increasing affordable housing in Rhode Island

After being sworn in at the State House on April 14, Sabina Matos said she plans to make housing a statewide priority.

“One of the challenges that we have in Providence is that you can find housing for the high end, but if we want our teachers and police officers to live in the city, we need have housing available to them,” she said.

Matos, 47, who was born in the Dominican Republic and came to the United States in 1994. She stepped down as president of the Providence City Council before being sworn in as Rhode Island’s 70th lieutenant governor — the first person of color to hold that position. Read more.

Feb. 25, 2021

R.I. wants to borrow $65m for affordable housing. Advocates say it’s a start, but not a solution

PROVIDENCE — On March 2, voters around Rhode Island will go to the polls to vote in a special election to approve a few different state borrowing proposals. One of the questions will ask voters if they want the state to borrow $65 million for affordable housing and community development. The money would fund things like low-income rental developments, new homes to sell to working-class people, and renovations for abandoned properties.

These questions usually pass without much fuss. There have been three affordable housing ballot questions since 2006, all of them OK’ed by Rhode Island voters. This one will be the biggest yet by dollar amount after Governor Gina Raimondo upped the amount of the request in the midst of the pandemic. Read more.

Jan. 26, 2021

Developer buys former Memorial Hospital property in Pawtucket, plans housing for R.I. veterans

PAWTUCKET, R.I. — Almost two years after a purchase-and-sale agreement was signed for the former Memorial Hospital property, Lockwood Development Partners announced Jan. 26 that it has closed a deal with Care New England Health System.

Lockwood, a New York City developer, confirmed it’s collaborating with Veteran Services USA to transform the vacant site into a housing complex for the state’s aging veterans.

The plan for the Brewster Street site includes a 390,000-square-foot campus with more than 200 apartments prioritized for senior veterans, an adult day health care facility for therapy and other social services, a career training and education program for new veterans reskilling or upskilling for the civilian workforce, as well as medical and lab space to address the veterans’ and surrounding community’s health needs.

The project is expected to cost $70 million and create up to 500 jobs during construction and 60 permanent jobs, according to Mayor Donald R. Grebien’s office. Read more.

The Memorial Hospital campus in Pawtucket, R.IHandout photo


Alexa Gagosz can be reached at alexa.gagosz@globe.com. Follow her on Twitter @alexagagosz and on Instagram @AlexaGagosz.