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US inflation hit 8.6 percent over the past year, highest rate in 4 decades

A shopper walks through the dairy aisle of a grocery store in Washington, DC, on February 19, 2022.STEFANI REYNOLDS/AFP via Getty Images

Inflation hit a fresh 40-year high in May in a broad advance, raising prospects that Federal Reserve will keep hiking interest rates aggressively for longer.

The consumer price index increased 8.6% from a year earlier, Labor Department data showed Friday. The widely followed inflation gauge rose 1% from a month earlier, topping all estimates. Shelter, food and gas were the largest contributors.

The so-called core CPI, which strips out the more volatile food and energy components, rose 0.6% from the prior month and 6% from a year ago, also above forecasts.

The figures reinforce that inflation is still heated by many measures, and that the Fed -- which has committed to half-point hikes at each of its next two meetings, starting next week -- will have to maintain that aggressive stance through its September gathering. Record gasoline prices and geopolitical factors threaten to keep inflation high in the coming months, suggesting the Fed will have to pump the brakes on the economy for longer.

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Treasury yields jumped, stock futures fell and the dollar rose after the report.