Oil prices tumbled Monday after China’s central bank unexpectedly cut rates after data showed economic activity slowed broadly in July, including consumer spending and factory output, reigniting concerns of a global downturn.
Signs of further cooling in the world’s second-largest economy, already under strain from China’s zero-COVID policy and a real estate crisis, alarmed energy markets. The prospect of lower demand sent oil prices sliding 5 percent — pushing West Texas Intermediate crude to $87 a barrel.
The July data signaled that the post-lockdown recovery is fizzling amid an array of economic challenges, including the enduring threat of the coronavirus pandemic. Similar to the conflicting priorities that central bankers from other nations are facing, Chinese officials are eyeing rising debt and inflation. But a sputtering domestic economy appeared to take priority.
“The [People’s Bank of China] seems to have decided it now has a more pressing problem: the latest data show lackluster economic momentum in July and a slowdown in credit growth, which has been less responsive to policy easing than during previous economic downturns,” said Julian Evans-Pritchard, an economist who covers China for the economic research firm Capital Economics.
China’s move to stimulate the economy through monetary policy threw Wall Street into a sour mood. The Dow Jones industrial average shed 38 points, or 0.4 percent, to start the trading session. The broader S&P 500 index lost 16 points, or 0.4 percent, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq dropped 34 points, or 0.3 percent.
The People’s Bank of China cut its medium-term lending rate to 2.75 percent, or 10 basis points, the first reduction since January. The move arrived as fresh data showed a slowing national economy, as policies designed to contain COVID-19 infections and a real estate crisis stalled growth.
"The momentum of economic recovery has slowed," said government spokesman Fu Linghui, at a news conference, reported the Associated Press. "More efforts are needed to consolidate the foundation of economic recovery."
For months, some home buyers in China have refused to pay the mortgage on properties they’ve bought but that developers have yet to finish building. The mortgage protests are tied to more than 100 delayed projects, leading to sinking home prices and frustrated home buyers. The boycotts have raised concerns that the property market in China could collapse, undermining the country’s financial system and dealing a blow to the global economy.
For more than a decade, construction and real estate have helped fuel China’s astounding economic growth and bolstered an emerging middle class, underscoring the significance of the mortgage crisis and the damage an unraveling crisis could unleash.