Bodoni’s imprint on typography
More than 200 years after the Bodoni typeface was created, it remains ubiquitous — appearing on the cover of Vanity Fair and in books and newspapers. Now Hingham author Valerie Lester has produced a first-rate, lushly illustrated biography of the creative genius who came up with the font, "Giambattista Bodoni: His Life and His World" (Godine). Born into a family of printers, Bodoni surpassed them all, at a time when printing was a craft held in high esteem.
Hired by the duke of Parma, Bodoni at age 28 became director of the royal printing operation in 1768. He worked quickly and precisely, designing fonts in many languages and alphabets. After his death in 1813, his widow, Ghitta, completed the two volumes that catalog his prodigious output.
Lester first heard of Bodoni when a friend mentioned that he had unwittingly bought a stolen Bodoni book. Lester, whose previous books include a biography of Hablot Knight Browne, an illustrator of Charles Dickens's works, grew curious about Bodoni. She steeped herself in the turbulent politics of his time and sought out foods he may have dined on.
At the Bodoni Museum in Parma, tens of thousands of Bodoni's punches — each a letter engraved on the end of a steel rod — are on display. Anyone who pays a visit, Lester suggests, should ask the attendant to let you hold a punch in your hand. Imprint the letter on your finger, she writes, and "marvel at the coldness and perfection of this jewel-like piece of steel."
On the environment
In "Second Nature: An Environmental History of New England" (University of Massachusetts), Richard W. Judd chronicles how nature and humans have reshaped the region over the past 12,000 years. He offers high praise for the environmental successes of the 1970s, including the protection of rivers and coastline and the preservation of pastoral landscapes in the face of development pressures.
Popping up periodically throughout the book are mentions of writers — such as Robert Frost, Sarah Orne Jewett, Celia Thaxter, Henry David Thoreau — who have preserved in print quintessential New England settings. A recurring theme in their works is the conflict between the concerns of country and city folk, business and nature. In Frost's poem "Christmas Trees," a farmer rejects a merchant's offer to buy and cut down the pines in his pasture. In Jewett's short story "White Heron," an ornithologist offers $10 to a country girl if she will guide him to a heron's nest. After wrestling with her conscience, she declines, unwilling to risk harm to the heron.
"Second Nature" is the winner of the New England Historical Association's James P. Hanlan Book Award. Judd is a professor of history at the University of Maine. The award recognizes excellent work by a historian who lives or works in New England.
■ “The Bone Labyrinth” by James Rollins (Morrow)
■ “Younger Next Year: The Exercise Program: Use the Power of Exercise to Reverse Aging and Stay Strong, Fit, and Sexy” by Chris Crowley and Henry S. Lodge, M.D. (Workman)
■ “Bryant & May and the Burning Man” by Christopher Fowler (Bantam)
Pick of the week
Darwin Ellis of Books on the Common in Ridgefield, Conn., recommends "The Devil's Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America's Secret Government" by David Talbot (Harper): "Nearly 50 years after his death, former CIA director Dulles is unmasked as the backstage manipulator of US policy (foreign and domestic) from the Cold War up to his skillful defense of the highly suspect Warren Commission report. Those who scoff at conspiracy theories might have a change of mind after reading this book of more than 600 pages."