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WASHINGTON - Health spending stabilized as a share of the nation’s economy in 2010 after two back-to-back years of historically low growth, the government reported yesterday.

Experts debated whether it’s a fleeting consequence of the sluggish economy, or a real sign that cost controls by private employers and government are starting to work.

US health care spending grew 3.9 percent in 2010, reaching $2.6 trillion, according to the Health and Human Services department. That’s an average of $8,402 per person, far more than any other economically advanced country.

Still, the increases for 2010 and 2009 were the lowest measured in 51 years. And health care as a share of the economy leveled off at 17.9 percent, the first time in a decade that there has been no growth.

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The main reason for the slowdown was that Americans were more frugal in their use of health care, from postponing elective surgery to using generic drugs and thinking twice about that late-night visit to the emergency room.

“Although medical goods and services are generally viewed as necessities, the latest recession has had a dramatic effect on their utilization,’’ said the report, published in the journal Health Affairs. “Though the recession officially ended in 2009, its impact on the health care sector appears to have continued into 2010.’’

Independent economists issued conflicting assessments.

“I think it could signal slower growth in the future,’’ said Ken Thorpe, professor of health policy at Emory University. “Any discussion about reducing the deficit is going to focus on how we reduce the growth in health care costs. And employers are adopting more effective tools to keep putting downward pressure on health care cost increases.’’

But Len Nichols at George Mason University in Virginia said people are getting less medical care because too many have lost jobs and insurance.

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“The slowdown is mostly due to postponement of care, due to anticipated inability to pay,’’ said Nichols.

If he is right, that could mean costs will spike once the economy is on solid footing.

The report provided relief for a jittery White House facing a 2012 reelection campaign in which President Obama’s health care overhaul is a top target for Republicans.

The nonpartisan number crunchers at HHS found the health care law barely contributed to cost increases in 2010, just one-10th of 1 percentage point. Major provisions expanding coverage to more than 30 million uninsured don’t take effect until 2014.

The federal government’s share of the total health care tab, though, grew to 29 percent in 2010, up from 23 percent as recently as 2007. Counting state and local spending, the overall government share stood at 45 percent of the total.

Will less health care hurt consumers? That remains to be seen, but current evidence suggests it won’t. Americans are no healthier than their counterparts in other developed countries, which spend far less.