NEW YORK — In 2010, a New York entrepreneur made an explosive legal claim: An agreement that he had with Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg entitled him to a major stake in the social-networking giant.
Zuckerberg denied the allegation, and his lawyers insisted that the entrepreneur, Paul Ceglia, was a scam artist.
On Friday, federal authorities sided with Zuckerberg, arresting Ceglia and charging him with a multibillion dollar scheme to defraud Facebook.
Prosecutors allege that Ceglia, 39, of Wellsville, N.Y., filed a sham federal lawsuit claiming to have been promised a 50 percent share of Facebook, and then doctored, fabricated, and destroyed evidence to support his allegations.
“Ceglia’s alleged conduct not only constitutes a massive fraud attempt, but also an attempted corruption of our legal system through the manufacture of false evidence,’’ said Preet Bharara, the US attorney in Manhattan. ‘‘Dressing up a fraud as a lawsuit does not immunize you from prosecution.’’
Ceglia’s lawyer, Dean Boland, did not immediately return a telephone call seeking comment.
The improbable claims made by Ceglia received outsize attention in part because they came at around the same time as the release of ‘‘The Social Network,’’ the Academy Award-winning film that told the tale of Zuckerberg’s legal battle with his Harvard schoolmates, the Winklevoss twins, over the origins of Facebook. Zuckerberg paid the Winklevosses at least $65 million to settle their case.
Since the lawsuit was first filed, Facebook’s lawyers have raised questions about Ceglia’s credibility. In 1997, he pleaded guilty to possessing hallucinogenic mushrooms. And in 2010, the New York state attorney general criminally charged him with defrauding customers in a now-defunct wood-pellet manufacturing business that he had run with his wife.
Questions are now also being raised about the lawyers who represented Ceglia in his lawsuit.
In his original complaint, filed in 2010, Ceglia was represented by Paul Argentieri, a sole practitioner in upstate New York. An amended lawsuit was filed in April 2011 by Robert W. Brownlie of DLA Piper, the world’s largest law firm, and Dennis C. Vacco, a former New York attorney general now in private practice at Lippes Mathias Wexler Friedman in Buffalo.
In 2011, Brownlie, of DLA Piper, declined a request by The New York Times to produce the original documents backing his client’s legal claims.
“That will come out during the course of litigation,’’ Brownlie said. ‘‘Anyone who claims this case is fraudulent and brought by a scam artist will come to regret those claims.’’
Yet court records indicate that another law firm, Kasowitz Benson Friedman & Torres, had been hired by Ceglia before DLA Piper and Lippes Mathias became involved. Kasowitz Benson withdrew from the case and put DLA Piper and Lippes Mathias on notice that it had determined that the purported contract was a fraud.
Brownlie and Vacco later withdrew from the case. They did not return calls and e-mails seeking comment.
Ceglia’s alleged plot dates to 2003, when Zuckerberg was a student at Harvard.
Ceglia had placed an advertisement on Craigslist looking for a programmer for an Internet business he was trying to get off the ground. Zuckerberg responded to the ad, and Ceglia agreed to pay him $1,000 for his work.