WILMINGTON, Del. — A Delaware judge on Monday approved a settlement in a shareholder lawsuit challenging Google Inc.’s plans to split its stock and issue a new class of nonvoting shares.
The ruling, by Chancellor Leo Strine Jr., clears the way for the Internet search leader to issue shares of Class C nonvoting stock for each share of existing stock.
The judge approved the settlement despite noting that while it is designed to ensure cofounders Larry Page and Sergey Brin retain control of Google, the two are not being forced to make any concessions to other shareholders.
Instead, like other shareholders, Page and Brin will receive Class C shares in an amount equal to their current Class B stock holdings — more than 24 million shares each.
‘‘There’s no economic sacrifice,’’ Strine told Jeffrey Block, an attorney representing the shareholders who filed the lawsuit in April 2012.
At the same time, Strine noted that Google, under the leadership of Page and Brin, has been ‘‘a rather astonishing market success,’’ implying there’s currently no reason to second-guess the company’s governance.
‘‘Not everybody can create a verb,’’ the judge said, referring to the evolution of the company’s name from a corporate label to a reference to an ubiquitous online activity.
Strine also noted there was no guarantee the plaintiffs could have won their lawsuit, and that the settlement includes important corporate governance protections and gives more authority to independent board directors.
Page and Brin own about 15 percent of Google’s outstanding stock, but they hold 56 percent of shareholder voting power because their Class B stock gives them 10 votes per share, compared to one vote per share for Class A stock.
Google argued that by creating a new class of nonvoting shares, the company could continue rewarding employees with stock and finance acquisitions without undermining the voting power of Page and Brin.
But in a class-action lawsuit led by the Brockton Retirement Board in Massachusetts and another Google shareholder, Philip Skidmore, other stockholders alleged Page and Brin engineered the stock split in a way that would unfairly benefit the two founders while shortchanging other shareholders.
According to court documents, the proposed stock split was the subject of internal deliberations for more than a year before it was announced in April 2012. Shareholders approved the split in June 2012 but the lawsuit has prevented Google from issuing the new nonvoting shares.
Under the settlement, Google must provide a price support that compensates owners of the new nonvoting stock, including Page and Brin, if it’s worth less than the existing class of stock after one year of trading.