ATLANTA — The new Health Insurance Marketplace is getting all the attention, but many consumers need to remember: The new health care law’s shopping site probably isn’t for you.
Those who get insurance through an employer or through Medicare don’t need to shop on the site, now famous for its technical difficulties. But specialists say these consumers still need to pay close attention to their health insurance options, because it’s open enrollment season for just about everybody.
Most large employers send out annual benefit packets to current workers and retirees at this time of year. Those on Medicare are in the midst of an enrollment period that ends Dec. 7. While you may have liked your health plan exactly as it was this year, that doesn’t mean your employer is going to keep everything the same in 2014.
‘’There is continuous change, and with or without health care reform, that was going to happen,’’ said David Foster, an Atlanta benefits expert at Buck Consultants.
Every year, companies try to save money on the constantly increasing cost of providing health insurance. That’s the main reason your options may be changing this year, whether you are a retiree, a part-timer, or a full-time employee with benefits. Plus, the Affordable Care Act means that some company health benefits are getting better — with most plans now required to provide free preventive care.
Making sure you get the best deal will probably take more than the typical 15-minute run through a company brochure or Medicare pamphlet.
“Do your homework and spend the time to understand what coverage your company is providing and what might be changing — don’t assume the status quo is OK for you,’’ said Craig Rosenberg, Aon Hewitt’s national leader for health and welfare benefits administration.
Here’s what to think about as you study the materials: Have your medical needs changed? How has your plan changed? How have the costs changed?
Experts say workers should look closely at the cost of covering family members on their employer plans. Some employers are refusing to cover a spouse if that spouse’s own employer offers coverage. Other employers might be charging more than in the past for a spouse to stay on the plan.
The Affordable Care Act puts limits on the cost of insurance for employees, but it’s important to remember that those requirements don’t apply to the family coverage, said Ann Murray, a benefits expert at McKenna Long & Aldridge, a law firm.
“I think we’re seeing a lot of employers offsetting or subsidizing some of the employee-only costs by making family coverage more expensive,’’ Murray said.
That means it might make more financial sense this year for each spouse to be covered by his or her own employer’s plan, instead of simply putting everyone on the same plan for the sake of simplicity. Also, check out which employer offers the best coverage at the best cost for kids, if you are a two-worker household.
If employers are significantly increasing the cost of covering a spouse, it might be a better deal to buy a separate, individual plan through the Health Insurance Marketplace or outside of the exchange.
“There are a lot more options people need to consider and put them all side by side,’’ Murray said.
Experts also advise consumers to look into whether their employer is using a new insurance company this year and whether their network of doctors and hospitals has changed.
Employers are also using financial incentives to push employees toward better health and more thoughtful spending when it comes to health care dollars.
Many employers are shaving dollars off the cost of a health plan if the employee takes a wellness screening, so make sure you tune into the deadlines for getting your blood drawn and your waist measured if you want to reap the financial benefits.
Who knows, you might even find out something important.
Also, some employers are pushing employees to high-deductible plans combined with health savings accounts. That approach is designed to give employees more of a financial stake when getting health care. Others are giving employees vouchers they can use to shop for their own insurance on private health insurance exchanges, where there are more coverage choices than most employers offer.
Think about how much time you would take to research a new car or even a new washer and dryer. Devote at least that much to your health insurance, because you don’t want to get hit with a surprise in the middle of a health care crisis, the experts say.
“The best thing people can do is ask for help, study the materials available and be well-informed — make the right decisions,’’ Foster said.
For Medicare recipients
Most people on Medicare should not expect major changes — but the experts say many elderly people are concerned about changes that really have nothing to do with their health plans.
“I think there’s general confusion about open enrollment and whether they should get onto the marketplace and how that relates to the coverage they have,’’ said Patrick Willard of AARP, the national organization for people over 50.
The big message: The marketplace is not for Medicare recipients.
Willard said the biggest impacts of the Affordable Care Act on the Medicare population are positive: improvements in prescription drug coverage and preventive screenings.
People on Medicare are advised to think through the same issues this year as last year. Research whether you are on the best prescription drug plan, given your needs. Also, it’s important for elderly Americans to understand whether traditional Medicare or a so-called Medicare Advantage plan is their best option.
Medicare Advantage is a plan offered by a private company through a contract with Medicare.
These plans usually provide a member’s hospital and doctor coverage and often other benefits. But you may be limited to a set network for doctors and hospitals.
Some specialists say that open enrollment season is also a good time to look at the big picture when it comes to your benefits by studying your 401(k) plan and your disability and life insurance policies.
‘‘It’s a good time to do a check-up,’’ Rosenberg said, ‘‘and look at things holistically.’’