SAN FRANCISCO — The Trump administration said Friday it will look at revving up water deliveries to farmers from California’s Central Valley Project, the largest federal water project in the United States, in what environmental groups called a threat to protections for native salmon and other endangered species.
The US Bureau of Reclamation formally served notice it would begin looking at changing the operation of the massive California water project to maximize water deliveries. Spokeswoman Erin Curtis called it the first step in what would probably be an 18-month analysis.
The water project is a network of 18 dams and reservoirs and 500 miles of canals and aqueducts that draw water from the delta of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers, which are part of the largest estuary on the West Coast of the Americas.
Launched in the 1930s, the water project has helped make California’s Central Valley the nation’s richest farm region. It also has contributed to driving several once-plentiful species of smelt, salmon, and other native animals toward extinction, according to biologists and environmental groups.
Doug Obegi, a senior attorney for the Natural Resources Defense Council environmental group, said in an e-mail Friday that the move represented ‘‘the latest attempt by the Trump administration to roll back protections for salmon and other endangered native fisheries . . . in order to increase water supplies’’ for the state’s agricultural water agencies.
Curtis, the Reclamation spokeswoman, called the effort a priority for the current administration.
Cutbacks of water deliveries for the project’s customers during the recently ended five-year California drought — including cutbacks prompted by rules protecting endangered native species also struggling in the drought — helped prompt the decision to look at possibly redoing the rules for operating the water project, Curtis said.
So did new US legislation last year that encouraged more big water-construction projects and water deliveries for Western farmers, Curtis said.
Federal authorities will seek public comment through Feb. 1.