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The Federal Communications Commission on Thursday approved new rules that could make it easier for AT&T, Verizon, and other telecom giants to block suspected spam calls on behalf of their subscribers, a move meant to crack down on the ever-worsening scourge a month after robocallers rang Americans’ phones nearly 5 billion times.

Under the order, telecom carriers now have a legal green-light to enroll consumers in their call-blocking services by default, as opposed to waiting for customers to sign up for such tools on their own. The change would ‘‘make it easier for consumers’’ to get robocall relief, said FCC chairman Ajit Pai, noting that many people often are unaware such technology exists in the first place.

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‘‘There is one thing in our country that unites Republicans and Democrats,’’ Pai said. ‘‘They are sick and tired of being bothered by unwanted robocalls.’’

Pai’s proposal cleared the commission with bipartisan support, but not without some reservations from Democratic Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel, who expressed concern that the agency did not require AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, and T-Mobile to offer their call-blocking services for free. The omission could lead to higher prices on subscribers’ monthly wireless bills, she warned.

‘‘I think robocall solutions should be free to consumers. Full stop,’’ Rosenworcel said. ‘‘I do not think that this agency should pat itself on the back for its efforts to reduce robocalls and then tell consumers to pay up.’’

The FCC’s vote Thursday comes amid heightened pressure — particularly from the public — for the US government and the nation’s top telecom carriers to crack down on billions of unwanted spam calls, many of which are attempts to trick recipients into surrendering their personal information. Last year, the agency received more than 232,000 complaints from consumers frustrated with spam calls, FCC officials said.

The FCC also permitted AT&T, Verizon, and other carriers to create new tools that might allow consumers to block calls coming from anyone other than the contacts already stored in their address books. And commissioners advanced debate on an additional order that would shield telecom giants from legal liability if they erroneously block calls that they cannot authenticate as legitimate.

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In doing so, though, the FCC stopped short of a broader rewrite of the nation’s anti-robocall rules, an overhaul that consumer groups have urged both the agency and Congress to consider. Organizations like the National Consumer Law Center and Consumers Union told the telecom agency in February that they welcomed the FCC’s recent work but fretted it’s only a ‘‘stopgap measure that will do little to address the larger problem.’’

Meanwhile, Pai’s proposal triggered a groundswell of industry lobbying, particularly on the part of financial institutions, debt collectors, and hospitals. They met in May with the FCC chairman’s top aides to express concern that the new call-blocking rules could ‘‘in the erroneous blocking of lawful, and often urgent, calls affecting consumer health, safety, and financial well-being,’’ according to agency records. That includes local utility outages, health care reminders, and vehicle recall notices, they said, which they feared might be labeled as spam.

Pai and his peers said they didn’t expect any new offerings to result in higher prices for consumers, given the savings that telecom giants might realize as a result of reducing robocall traffic on their networks.

‘‘Now it’s time for telecom companies to take the baton,’’ Pai said.

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Ahead of the vote, AT&T said it would review the FCC’s order but did not comment further on whether it would change its practices or if it would charge consumers for any new call-blocking tools.

Verizon said it ‘‘intend[s] to use this new authority that the FCC is giving us to more effectively protect our customers from robocalls,’’ pointing out that one of its robocall-blocking services, called Call Filter, is already available for free to subscribers.

T-Mobile says it offers two services for free — Scam ID, a default-on tool that alerts users to suspected fraudulent calls, and Scam Block, a default-off tool that prevents users from receiving them, on a free basis.

Sprint, which offers a premium call-blocking service for a monthly fee, said it is ‘‘optimistic the chairman’s most recent proposed changes will allow us to take more aggressive action in addressing this issue.’’