Q&A Russian science is amazing. So why hasn’t it taken over the world? We should all worry about a great power’s failure to convert on its knowledge, says MIT’s Loren Graham ← Related Article Visit The Boston Globe Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Comment on this Scroll to top of page What Russia has given the world. Chris Ramirez/WpN/file 2005 Russian scientists have been responsible for some of the most important scientific advances of the 20th century, but they have been unable to turn ideas into commerce. One of their inventions includes the laser, for which Alexander Prokhorov and Nikolai Basov won a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964. Scott Olson/Getty Images/file 2013 Electric lighting was developed by Pavel Yablochkov, who went to Western Europe and illuminated the streets of Paris and London in the 19th century. He was persuaded by the Russian government to return home but went bankrupt because he was unable to find investors. Melanie Stetson Freeman/The Christian Science Monitor via Getty Images/file 2012 Another scientific development from Russia is fracking. In the 1950s, Russian scientists published articles in academic journals about the idea of fracking, but the concept never appeared before the business community. Thirty years later, Americans developed fracking and now teach Russians how to do it. Frank Herfort/Associated Press Images Some in Russia are trying to change the way the current system handles science, including the development of the Skolkovo innovation center. However, plenty of obstacles, including the current political system and attitudes toward business, remain.