Tuesday, Oct. 30, is the 304th day of 2012. There are 62 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Rock singer Grace Slick is 73. Actor Henry Winkler is 67. Rock musician Gavin Rossdale (Bush) is 45.
In 1735, the second president of the United States, John Adams, was born in Braintree.
In 1938, the radio play ‘‘The War of the Worlds,’’ starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS.
In 1944, the Martha Graham ballet ‘‘Appalachian Spring,’’ with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress in Washington, with Graham in a leading role.
In 1972, 45 people were killed when an Illinois Central Gulf commuter train was struck from behind by another train in Chicago’s South Side.
In 1974, Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Zaire, known as the ‘‘Rumble in the Jungle,’’ to regain his world heavyweight title.
In 1985, schoolteacher-astronaut Christa McAuliffe witnessed the launch of the space shuttle Challenger, the same craft that carried her and six other crew members to their deaths in January 1986.
In 1997, a jury in Cambridge convicted British au pair Louise Woodward of second-degree murder in the death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen. (The judge, Hiller B. Zobel, later reduced the verdict to manslaughter and set her free.)
In 2002, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s broad-based coalition collapsed when Cabinet ministers from the moderate Labor Party resigned over funding for Jewish settlements.