Friday, Nov. 2, is the 307th day of 2012. There are 59 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: R&B singer Earl ‘‘Speedo’’ Carroll (The Cadillacs; The Coasters) is 75. Singer Jay Black (Jay and the Americans) is 74. Political commentator Patrick Buchanan is 74. Actress Stefanie Powers is 70. Author Shere Hite is 70. Rock musician Keith Emerson is 68. Singer-songwriter J.D. Souther is 67. Singer-songwriter k.d. lang is 51. Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Lynn Nottage is 48. Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker is 45. Rapper Nelly is 38.
In 1783, General George Washington issued his Farewell Orders to the Armies of the United States near Princeton, N.J.
In 1795, the 11th president, James Knox Polk, was born in Mecklenburg County, N.C.
In 1865, the 29th president, Warren Gamaliel Harding, was born near Marion, Ohio.
In 1889, North Dakota and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states.
In 1917, British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour issued a declaration expressing support for a ‘‘national home’’ for the Jews in Palestine.
In 1947, Howard Hughes piloted his huge wooden flying boat, the Hughes H-4 Hercules, on its only flight, which lasted about a minute.
In 1948, President Truman won a narrow upset over Republican Thomas E. Dewey.
In 1959, former game show contestant Charles Van Doren admitted to a House subcommittee that he’d been given questions and answers in advance on NBC’s ‘‘Twenty-One.’’
In 1962, President Kennedy said that aerial photographs had confirmed that Soviet missile bases in Cuba were being dismantled, and that ‘‘progress is now being made toward the restoration of peace in the Caribbean.’’
In 1963, South Vietnamese President Ngo Dihn Diem was assassinated in a military coup.