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    This day in history

    Tuesday, Jan. 1 is the first day of 2013. There are 364 days left in the year.

    Today’s birthdays: Former Senator Ernest Hollings (D-S.C.) is 91. Documentary maker Frederick Wiseman is 83. Actor Frank Langella is 75. Rock singer-musician Country Joe McDonald is 71. Writer-comedian Don Novello is 70. Rapper Grandmaster Flash is 55. Actor Morris Chestnut is 44. Actor Verne Troyer is 44.

    In 1863, President Lincoln signed and issued the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that slaves in rebel states shall be ‘‘forever free.’’


    In 1892, the Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York formally opened.

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    In 1942, twenty-six countries, including the United States, signed the Declaration of the United Nations, pledging ‘‘not to make a separate armistice or peace’’ with members of the Axis.

    In 1953, country singer Hank Williams Sr., 29, was discovered dead in the back seat of his car during a stop in Oak Hill, W.Va., while he was being driven to a concert date in Canton, Ohio.

    In 1983, the current version of the Internet came into being as the Internet protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP, and became the mandatory standard.

    In 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two new countries, the Czech Republic and


    In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect.

    In 2008, revelers celebrated the new year around the world; a ball dropped for the 100th year in New York’s Times Square.