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    This day in history

    Wednesday, March 6, is the 65th day of 2013. There are 300 days left in the year.

    Today’s birthdays: Former FBI and CIA director William Webster is 89. Former Federal Reserve cChairman Alan Greenspan is 87. Author Gabriel Garcia Marquez is 86. Orchestra conductor Lorin Maazel is 83. Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova is 76. Former senator Christopher Bond (R-Mo.) is 74. Actress Joanna Miles is 73. Actor Ben Murphy is 71. Opera singer Dame Kiri Te Kanawa is 69. Singer Mary Wilson (The Supremes) is 69. Rock musician Hugh Grundy (The Zombies) is 68. Rock singer-musician David Gilmour (Pink Floyd) is 67. Actor-director Rob Reiner is 66. Singer Kiki Dee is 66. Actor Tom Arnold is 54. Actor D.L. Hughley is 49. Actress Connie Britton is 46. Actress Moira Kelly is 45. Former NBA star Shaquille O’Neal is 41. Country singer Trent Willmon is 40. Rapper Beanie Sigel is 39. Rapper Bubba Sparxxx is 36.

    In 1836, the Alamo in San Antonio fell to Mexican forces after a 13-day siege.


    In 1853, Verdi’s opera ‘‘La Traviata’’ premiered in Venice.

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    In 1857, the US Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sandford that Scott, a slave, was not an American citizen and could not sue for his freedom in federal court.

    In 1912, Oreo sandwich cookies were first introduced by the National Biscuit Co.

    In 1933, a national bank holiday declared by President Franklin D. Roosevelt aimed at calming panicked depositors went into effect. (The holiday was supposed to last four days, but was extended until it was gradually lifted starting March 13.) Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak, wounded in an attempt on then-president-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt’s life the previous month, died at a Miami hospital at age 59.

    In 1944, US heavy bombers staged the first full-scale American raid on Berlin during World War II.


    In 1953, Georgy Malenkov was named premier of the Soviet Union a day after the death of Josef Stalin.

    In 1967, the daughter of Josef Stalin, Svetlana Alliluyeva, appeared at the US Embassy in New Delhi and declared her intention to defect to the West.

    In 1970, a bomb being built inside a Greenwich Village townhouse by the radical Weathermen accidentally went off, destroying the house and killing three group members.

    In 1973, Nobel Prize-winning author Pearl S. Buck, 80, died in Danby, Vt.

    In 1983, in a case that drew much notoriety, a woman was gang-raped atop a pool table in a tavern in New Bedford called Big Dan’s; four men were later convicted of the attack.


    In 1988, the board of trustees at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., a liberal arts college for the deaf, selected Elisabeth Zinser, a hearing woman, to be president. (Outraged students shut down the campus, forcing selection of a deaf president, I. King Jordan, instead.)

    In 2003, a somber President George W. Bush readied the nation for war against Saddam Hussein, hurling some of his harshest invective yet at the Iraqi leader during a prime-time news conference. The United States ratified a treaty on cutting active US and Russian long-range nuclear warheads by two-thirds. Democrats blocked President Bush’s nomination of Miguel Estrada to a federal appeals court.

    In 2008, a Palestinian killed eight students at a Jewish seminary in Jerusalem before he was slain. Twin bombings in a shopping district in Baghdad killed at least 68 people and wounded 130 others.

    In 2012, six British soldiers patrolling near the border between Helmand and Kandahar provinces in Afghanistan were killed by a bomb.