This day in history

Monday, March 11, is the 70th day of 2013. There are 295 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Media mogul Rupert Murdoch is 82. ABC correspondent Sam Donaldson is 79. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia is 77. Singer Bobby McFerrin is 63. Director Jerry Zucker is 63. Recording executive Jimmy Iovine is 60. Singer Nina Hagen is 58. Director Peter Berg is 51. Singer Lisa Loeb is 45. Actor Terrence Howard is 44. Actress Thora Birch is 31. Actor Rob Brown is 29. Actor Anton Yelchin is 24.

In 1513, Giovanni de’ Medici was proclaimed pope; he took the name Leo X.


In 1930, former President and Chief Justice William Howard Taft was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Get The Weekender in your inbox:
The Globe's top picks for what to see and do each weekend, in Boston and beyond.
Thank you for signing up! Sign up for more newsletters here

In 1942, as Japanese forces continued to advance in the Pacific, General Douglas MacArthur left the Philippines for Australia.

In 1959, the Lorraine Hansberry drama ‘‘A Raisin in the Sun’’ opened at New York’s Ethel Barrymore Theater.

In 1965, Rev. James J. Reeb, a white minister from Boston, died after being beaten by whites during civil rights disturbances in Selma, Ala.

In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev was chosen to succeed the late Soviet President Konstantin Chernenko.


In 2004, 10 bombs exploded across the commuter rail network in Madrid, killing 191 people and wounding more than 2,000 in an attack linked to Al Qaeda-inspired militants.

In 2011, a magnitude-9.0 earthquake and resulting tsunami struck Japan’s northeastern coast, killing nearly 20,000 people and severely damaging the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station.