This day in history

Saturday, March 16, is the 75th day of 2013. There are 290 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Comedian-director Jerry Lewis is 87. Movie director Bernardo Bertolucci is 72. Game show host Chuck Woolery is 72. Singer-songwriter Jerry Jeff Walker is 71. Country singer Ray Benson (Asleep at the Wheel) is 62. Rock singer-musician Nancy Wilson (Heart) is 59. Rapper-actor Flavor Flav (Public Enemy) is 54. Folk singer Patty Griffin is 49.

In 1802, President Thomas Jefferson signed a measure authorizing the establishment of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.


In 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel ‘‘The Scarlet Letter’’ was first published.

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In 1926, Robert H. Goddard successfully tested the first liquid-fueled rocket, in Auburn.

In 1935, Adolf Hitler decided to break the military terms set by the Treaty of Versailles by ordering the rearming of Germany.

In 1968, during the Vietnam War, the My Lai Massacre of Vietnamese civilians was carried out by US Army troops; estimates of the death toll vary between 347 and 504.

In 1972, President Richard M. Nixon called for a moratorium on court-ordered school busing to achieve racial desegregation.