This day in history

Saturday, March 23, is the 82d day of 2013. There are 283 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Sir Roger Bannister, who broke the 4-minute mile in 1954, is 84. Singer Ric Ocasek is 64. Singer Chaka Khan is 60. Actress Amanda Plummer is 56. Actress Catherine Keener is 54. Actress Hope Davis is 49. Actress Michelle Monaghan is 37. Actress Keri Russell is 37. Gossip blogger Perez Hilton is 35.

In 1775, Patrick Henry delivered an address to the Virginia Provincial Convention in which he declared, ‘‘Give me liberty, or give me death!’’


In 1806, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, having reached the Pacific coast, began their journey back east.

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In 1913, five days of heavy rain began falling in the Ohio River Valley; hundreds of deaths in the region were blamed on the weather.

In 1919, Benito Mussolini founded his Fascist political movement in Milan.

In 1933, the German Reichstag adopted the Enabling Act, which effectively granted Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers.

In 1965, America’s first two-person space flight began as Gemini 3 blasted off with astronauts Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young aboard for a nearly 5-hour flight.


In 1983, President Reagan first proposed developing technology to intercept incoming enemy missiles — an idea that came to be known as the Strategic Defense Initiative. Dr. Barney Clark, recipient of a Jarvik permanent artificial heart, died at the University of Utah Medical Center after 112 days with the device.

In 2010, President Obama signed a $938 billion health care overhaul, declaring ‘‘a new season in America.’’

In 2011, Academy Award-winning actress Elizabeth Taylor died in Los Angeles at age 79.