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This day in history

Tuesday, April 9, is the 99th day of 2013. There are 266 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Playboy magazine founder Hugh Hefner is 87. Naturalist Jim Fowler is 81. Actress Michael Learned is 74. Actor Dennis Quaid is 59. Humorist Jimmy Tingle is 58. Actress-model Paulina Porizkova is 48. Actress Cynthia Nixon is 47. Actress Leighton Meester is 27. Actress Kristen Stewart is 23. Actress Elle Fanning is 15.

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In 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.

In 1942, during World War II, American and Philippine defenders on Bataan capitulated to Japanese forces; the surrender was followed by the notorious Bataan Death March.

In 1959, NASA presented its first seven astronauts: Scott Carpenter, Gordon Cooper, John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Wally Schirra, Alan Shepard, and Donald Slayton.

In 1963, British statesman Winston Churchill was proclaimed an honorary US citizen by President John F. Kennedy.

In 1996, in a dramatic shift of purse-string power, President Bill Clinton signed a line-item veto bill into law. (However, the US Supreme Court struck down the veto in 1998.)

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