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This day in history

Wednesday, June 26, is the 177th day of 2013. There are 188 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Actress Eleanor Parker is 91. Jazz musician-film composer Dave Grusin is 79. Actor Josef Sommer is 79. Singer Billy Davis Jr. is 73. Actor Robert Davi is 62. Singer-musician Mick Jones is 58. Actor Gedde Watanabe is 58. Rock singer Chris Isaak is 57. Rock singer Patty Smyth is 56. Rock singer Harriet Wheeler (the Sundays) is 50. Writer-director Paul Thomas Anderson is 43. Actor Sean Hayes is 43. Actor Chris O’Donnell is 43. Actor Nick Offerman is 43. Yankees shortstop Derek Jeter is 39. Country singer Gretchen Wilson is 39. Actor-musician Jason Schwartzman is 33. Actress Aubrey Plaza is 29. Actress-singer Jennette McCurdy is 21.

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In 1483, Richard III began his reign as King of England (he was crowned the following month at Westminster Abbey).

In 1870, the first section of the Boardwalk in Atlantic City, N.J., was opened to the public.

In 1915, following a whirlwind courtship, poet T.S. Eliot married Vivienne Haigh-Wood in London. (The marriage proved disastrous, but the couple never divorced.)

In 1925, Charlie Chaplin’s classic comedy ‘‘The Gold Rush’’ premiered at Grauman’s Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood.

In 1936, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a second term of office by delegates to the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia.

In 1945, the charter of the United Nations was signed by 50 countries in San Francisco.

In 1948, the Berlin Airlift began in earnest after the Soviet Union cut off land and water routes to the isolated western sector of Berlin.

In 1950, President Truman authorized the Air Force and Navy to enter the Korean conflict.

In 1963, President Kennedy visited West Berlin, where he delivered his famous speech expressing solidarity with the city’s residents, declaring: ‘‘Ich bin ein Berliner’’ (I am a Berliner).

In 1973, former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about an ‘‘enemies list’’ kept by the Nixon White House.

In 1988, three people were killed when a new Airbus A320 jetliner carrying more than 130 people crashed into a forest during a demonstration at an air show in Mulhouse, France.

In 1990, President George H.W. Bush went back on his ‘‘no-new-taxes’’ campaign pledge, conceding that tax increases would have to be included in any deficit-reduction package worked out with congressional negotiators.

In 1993, President Clinton announced the US had launched missiles against Iraqi targets because of ‘‘compelling evidence’’ Iraq had plotted to assassinate former President George H.W. Bush. Baseball Hall of Famer Roy Campanella died in Woodland Hills, Calif., at age 71.

In 2003, the US Supreme Court, in Lawrence v. Texas, struck down, 6-3, state bans on gay sex.

In 2008, the US Supreme Court struck down a handgun ban in the District of Columbia as it affirmed, 5-4, that an individual right to gun ownership existed.

In 2012, essayist, author, and filmmaker Nora Ephron, 71, died in New York.

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