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This day in history

Tuesday, July 2, is the 183d day of 2013. There are 182 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Former Philippine first lady Imelda Marcos is 84. Racing Hall of Famer Richard Petty is 76. Former White House chief of staff John H. Sununu is 74. Writer-director-comedian Larry David is 66. Luci Baines Johnson, daughter of the late former president Lyndon B. Johnson, is 66. Figure skater Johnny Weir is 29. Actress Lindsay Lohan is 27.

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In 1776, the Continental Congress passed a resolution saying that ‘‘these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.’’

In 1812, Connecticut Governor Roger Griswold declared his state’s militia would not serve in the war against Britain, reflecting New Englanders’ opposition to the conflict.

In 1881, President Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington, D.C., railroad station; Garfield died the following September. (Guiteau was hanged in June 1882.)

In 1926, the US Army Air Corps was created.

In 1937, aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.

In 1961, author Ernest Hemingway shot himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.

In 1963, President Kennedy met Pope Paul VI at the Vatican, the first meeting between a Catholic US chief executive and the head of the Roman Catholic Church.

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a sweeping civil rights bill.

In 2002, American Steve Fossett became the first person to fly a balloon solo around the world as he returned to western Australia.

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