This day in history

Wednesday, Sept. 4, is the 247th day of 2013. There are 118 days left in the year. Rosh Hashana, the Jewish New Year, begins at sunset.

Today’s birthdays: Actress Mitzi Gaynor is 82. Golf Hall of Famer Raymond Floyd is 71. Golf Hall of Famer Tom Watson is 64. Actress Judith Ivey is 62. Rock musician Martin Chambers (the Pretenders) is 62. Actress Khandi Alexander is 56. Actor-comedian Damon Wayans is 53. Actress Ione Skye is 43. Actor Wes Bentley is 35. Singer Beyoncé is 32. Actress-comedian Whitney Cummings is 31. Folk-rock musician Neyla Pekarek (The Lumineers) is 27.

In 1781, Los Angeles was founded by Spanish settlers under the leadership of Governor Felipe de Neve.


In 1886, a group of Apache Indians led by Geronimo surrendered to General Nelson Miles at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona.

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In 1888, George Eastman received a patent for his roll-film box camera, and registered his trademark: ‘‘Kodak.’’

In 1893, English author Beatrix Potter first told the story of Peter Rabbit in the form of a ‘‘picture letter’’ to Noel Moore, the son of Potter’s former governess.

In 1917, the American Expeditionary Forces in France suffered their first fatalities during World War I when a German plane attacked a British-run base hospital.

In 1948, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicated after nearly six decades of rule for health reasons.


In 1951, President Truman addressed the nation from the Japanese peace treaty conference in San Francisco in the first live, coast-to-coast television broadcast.

In 1957, Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus used Arkansas National Guardsmen to prevent nine black students from entering all-white Central High School in Little Rock. Ford Motor Co. began selling its ill-fated Edsel.

In 1962, the Beatles, with new drummer Ringo Starr, recorded ‘‘Love Me Do’’ at EMI Studios in London. (The more familiar version with substitute drummer Andy White and Starr on tambourine was recorded a week later.)

In 1963, a Swissair Caravelle III carrying 80 people crashed shortly after takeoff from Zurich, killing all on board.

In 1971, an Alaska Airlines jet crashed near Juneau, killing all 111 people on board.


In 1972, American swimmer Mark Spitz won a seventh gold medal at the Munich Olympics, in the 400-meter medley relay. ‘‘The New Price Is Right,’’ hosted by Bob Barker, premiered on
CBS. (The game show later dropped the ‘‘New’’ from its title and expanded from a half-hour to an hour.)

In 1998, Internet services company Google filed for incorporation in California.

In 2003, Miguel Estrada, whose nomination had become a flash point for Democratic opposition to President George W. Bush’s judicial choices, withdrew from consideration for an appeals court seat after Republicans failed in seven attempts to break a Senate filibuster.

In 2008, with a pledge that ‘‘change is coming,’’ Senator John McCain accepted the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in St. Paul. Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice in a sex scandal, forcing the Democrat out of office after months of defiantly holding onto his job.

In 2012, the Treasury Department reported the national debt had topped $16 trillion.