Wednesday, Oct. 16, is the 289th day of 2013. There are 76 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Actress Angela Lansbury is 88. Author Gunter Grass is 86. Sportscaster Tim McCarver is 72. Actress Suzanne Somers is 67. Rock singer-musician Bob Weir is 66. Actor-director Tim Robbins is 55. Rock musician Flea (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is 51. Jazz musician Roy Hargrove is 44. Singer John Mayer is 36.
In 1793, during the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette, the queen of France, was beheaded.
In 1859, radical abolitionist John Brown led a group of 21 men in a raid on Harpers Ferry in western Virginia. (Ten of Brown’s men were killed and five escaped. Brown and six followers ended up being captured; all were executed.)
In 1901, Booker T. Washington dined at the White House as the guest of President Theodore Roosevelt, whose invitation to the black educator sparked controversy.
In 1912, the Red Sox won the World Series, defeating the New York Giants in Game 8, 3-2 (Game 2 had ended in a tie on account of darkness).
In 1942, the ballet ‘‘Rodeo,’’ with music by Aaron Copland and choreography by Agnes de Mille, premiered at New York’s Metropolitan Opera House.
In 1943, Chicago Mayor Edward J. Kelly officially opened the city’s new subway system during a ceremony at the State and Madison street station.
In 1952, the Charles Chaplin film ‘‘Limelight’’ premiered in London.
In 1962, President Kennedy was informed by national security adviser McGeorge Bundy that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
In 1972, a twin-engine plane carrying House Majority Leader Hale Boggs (D-La.) and Representative Nick Begich (D-Alaska) disappeared while flying over a remote region of Alaska; the aircraft was never found.
In 1978, the College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Karol Wojtyla to be the new pope; he took the name John Paul II.
In 1987, a 58½-hour drama in Midland, Texas, ended as rescuers freed Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old girl trapped in an abandoned well.
In 1991, a deadly shooting rampage took place in Killeen, Texas, as George Hennard opened fire at a Luby’s Cafeteria, killing 23 people before taking his own life.
In 2003, the New York Yankees won the American League Championship Series, defeating the Red Sox 6-5 in Game 7.
In 2008, a volatile Wall Street pulled off another stunning U-turn, transforming a 380-point loss for the Dow Jones industrial average into a 401-point gain.