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This day in history

Saturday, Oct. 19, is the 292d day of 2013. There are 73 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Author John le Carre is 82. Actor Michael Gambon is 73. Actor John Lithgow is 68. Feminist activist Patricia Ireland is 68. Boxer Evander Holyfield is 51. TV host Ty Pennington (“Extreme Makeover: Home Edition”) is 49. Actor Jon Favreau is 47. Amy Carter is 46. ‘‘South Park’’ co-creator Trey Parker is 44. Writer-director Jason Reitman is 36.

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In 1781, British troops under General Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Va., as the American Revolution neared its end.

In 1812, French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte began their retreat from Moscow.

In 1951, President Truman signed an act formally ending the state of war with Germany.

In 1960, the United States began a limited embargo against Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.

In 1977, the supersonic Concorde made its first landing in New York City.

In 1987, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 508 points, or 22.6 percent in value, to close at 1,738.74.

In 2012, the Dow Jones industrial average had its worst day in four months, falling 205 points, or 1.5 percent, to 13,344.

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