This day in history

Wednesday, Sept.3, is the 246th day of 2014. There are 119 days left in the year.

Birthdays: ‘‘Beetle Bailey’’ cartoonist Mort Walker is 91. Actor Charlie Sheen is 49. Olympic gold medal snowboarder Shaun White is 28. Hip-hop singer August Alsina is 22.

In 1189, England’s King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) was crowned in Westminster Abbey.


In 1783, representatives of the United States and Britain signed the Treaty of Paris, which officially ended the Revolutionary War.

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In 1939, Britain, France, Australia, and New Zealand declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland; in a radio address, Britain’s King George VI said, ‘‘With God’s help, we shall prevail.’’ The same day, a German U-boat torpedoed and sank the British liner SS Athenia some 250 miles off the Irish coast, killing more than 100 out of the 1,400 or so people on board.

In 1944, British forces liberated Brussels during World War II.

In 1951, the television soap opera ‘‘Search for Tomorrow’’ made its debut on CBS.

In 1967, the original version of the television game show ‘‘What’s My Line?,’’ hosted by John Charles Daly, broadcast its final episode after more than 17 years on CBS.


In 1976, America’s Viking 2 lander touched down on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet’s surface.

In 1989, a Cubana de Aviacion jetliner crashed after takeoff in Havana, killing all 126 aboard and 45 people on the ground.

In 1994, China and Russia proclaimed an end to any lingering hostilities, pledging they would no longer target nuclear missiles or use force against each other.

In 2004, a three-day hostage siege at a school in Beslan, Russia, ended in bloody chaos after Chechen militants set off bombs as Russian commandos stormed the building; more than 330 people, over half of them children, were killed. Former President Bill Clinton was hospitalized in New York with chest pains and shortness of breath; he ended up undergoing heart bypass surgery.

In 2009, Vice President Joe Biden told a Brookings Institution gathering that the Obama administration was fiercely determined to get a health care overhaul, although he conceded it likely wouldn’t happen without ‘‘an awful lot of screaming and hollering.’’ A private funeral service was held in Glendale, Calif., for pop superstar Michael Jackson, whose body was entombed in a mausoleum more than two months after his death.


In 2013, Ariel Castro, who’d held three women captive in his Cleveland home for nearly a decade before one escaped and alerted authorities, was found hanged in his prison cell, a suicide.