Toni Morrison knows how to fill a room, both with her presence and with a crowd. Scores waited in line on Wednesday afternoon to attend Morrison’s third lecture in the six-part Charles Eliot Norton Lecture series, held at Harvard University’s Sanders Theatre. The Nobel Prize-winning author of acclaimed novels including “Beloved,” “Song of Solomon,” and “The Bluest Eye,” Morrison, now 85, spoke from a wheelchair at the front of the stage, and received a standing ovation before she even began.
She was introduced by Claire Messud, a novelist and senior lecturer in English at Harvard. “We are forever altered by the fictional characters who move in our imaginations,” Messud said. “I’ve never lived in a world where Toni Morrison’s people didn’t breathe, sweat, love, and die.”
Morrison’s lectures began last Wednesday with a lecture titled “Romancing Slavery.” Tuesday, Messud said, she talked about the “perilous dance of projection in which we are engaged when we construct the other, the stranger, the foreigner.” On this evening, her theme was “The Color Fetish.”
“Of constant fascination for me are the ways in which literature employs skin color to reveal character or to drive narrative,” Morrison said. “Especially if the fictional main character is white, which is pretty much always.”
She mentioned her opening in the novel “Paradise:” “They shoot the white girl first. With the rest they can take their time.” “That’s meant, in my mind, to be an explosion of racial identification,” Morrison said.
She spoke of her attempts at writing what she called “non-colorist” literature about black people as “very liberating and also very hard.” In one screenplay, which later turned into a short story, she said, she attempted a “racial erasure” in which, instead of noting a character’s race, she used social class as the marker.
After decades in which writers tried to carve out a place for decidedly black characters, Morrison was careful to note that she is not engaged in literary whitewashing.
“But I am determined to defame cheap racism,” Morrison said. “Annihilate and discredit the routine, easy, and available color fetish, which is reminiscent to me of slavery itself.”
The last lectures will take place on March 22, April 11, and April 12.Cristela Guerra can be reached at Cristela.Guerra@globe.com.