This day in history

Today is Monday, Nov. 13, the 317th day of 2017. There are 48 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Journalist Peter Arnett is 83. Country singer-songwriter Ray Wylie Hubbard is 71. Actor Joe Mantegna is 70. Actress Frances Conroy is 64. Actress-comedian Whoopi Goldberg is 62. Talk show host Jimmy Kimmel is 50. Writer-activist Ayaan Hirsi Ali is 48. NBA All-Star Metta World Peace (formerly Ron Artest) is 38.

In 1789, Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter to a friend, Jean-Baptiste Leroy: ‘‘In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.’’


In 1849, voters in California ratified the state’s original constitution.

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In 1909, 259 men and boys were killed when fire erupted inside a coal mine in Cherry, Ill.

In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between lower Manhattan and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.

In 1937, the NBC Symphony Orchestra, formed exclusively for radio broadcasting, made its debut.

In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.


In 1956, the US Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling that struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public city and state buses.

In 1958, legendary political figure James Michael Curley died in Boston. He was 83.

In 1974, Karen Silkwood, a 28-year-old technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., died in a car crash while on her way to meet a reporter.

In 1985, some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, died when a volcanic mudslide buried the city.

In 1994, Sweden voted in a nonbinding referendum to join the European Union, which it did the following year.


In 2015, Islamic State militants carried out a set of coordinated attacks in Paris on the national stadium, restaurants and streets, and a crowded concert hall, killing 130 people in the worst attack on French soil since World War II.

Last year, President-elect Donald Trump named Republican Party chief Reince Priebus as White House chief of staff and conservative media executive Stephen Bannon as his top presidential strategist. Leon Russell, who performed, sang and produced some of rock ‘n’ roll’s top records, died in Nashville at age 74.