Today is Tuesday, Sept. 11, the 254th day of 2018. There are 111 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Actor Earl Holliman is 90. Comedian Tom Dreesen is 79. Filmmaker Brian De Palma is 78. Singer-dancer Lola Falana is 76. Grateful Dead drummer Mickey Hart is 75. Singer-guitarist Leo Kottke is 73. Actor Phillip Alford (Jem Finch in “To Kill a Mockingbird’’) is 70. Actress Amy Madigan is 68. Sports reporter Lesley Visser is 65. Actor Reed Birney is 64. Former Homeland Security secretary Jeh Johnson is 61. Actress Kristy McNichol is 56. Musician-composer Moby is 53. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is 53. Singer Harry Connick Jr. is 51. Blogger Markos Moulitsas is 47. Coldplay guitarist Jon Buckland is 41. Rapper Ludacris is 41.
In 1297, Scottish rebels led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray defeated English troops in the Battle of Stirling Bridge during the First War of Scottish Independence.
In 1789, Alexander Hamilton was appointed the first secretary of the Treasury.
In 1814, an American fleet scored a decisive victory over the British in the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812.
In 1857, the Mountain Meadows Massacre took place in present-day southern Utah as a 120-member Arkansas immigrant party was slaughtered by Mormon militiamen aided by Paiute Indians.
In 1936, Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) began operation as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressed a key in Washington to signal the startup of the dam’s first hydroelectric generator.
In 1941, groundbreaking took place for the Pentagon. In a speech that drew accusations of anti-Semitism, Charles A. Lindbergh told an America First rally in Des Moines, Iowa, that “the British, the Jewish, and the Roosevelt administration” were pushing the United States toward war.
In 1954, the Miss America pageant made its network TV debut on ABC; Miss California, Lee Meriwether, was crowned the winner.
In 2001, on America’s single-worst day of terrorism, nearly 3,000 people were killed as 19 Al Qaeda members hijacked four passenger jetliners, including two from Logan International Airport that targeted New York’s World Trade Center. One plane crashed into the Pentagon and the fourth into a field in Western Pennsylvania.
In 2006, in a prime-time address, President George W. Bush invoked the memory of the victims of the 9/11 attacks as he staunchly defended the war in Iraq, though he acknowledged that Saddam Hussein was not responsible for the attacks.
In 2012, a mob armed with guns and grenades launched a fiery nightlong attack on a US diplomatic outpost and a CIA annex in Benghazi, Libya, killing US Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other Americans.
In 2008, Presidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama put aside politics as they visited ground zero together on the anniversary of 9/11 to honor its victims.
In 2017, Hurricane Irma weakened to a tropical storm and finally left Florida after a run up the entire 400-mile length of the state. An estimated 13 million people in Florida remained without power.